Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Volume (100), No (1), Year (2016-1) , Pages (22-35)

Title : ( Thiol-incorporated activated carbon derived fromfir wood sawdust as an efficient adsorbent for theremoval of mercury ion: Batch and fixed-bedcolumn studi )

Authors: Fatemeh Kazemi , Habibollah Younesi , Ali Asghar Ghoreyshi , Nader Bahramifar , Ava Heiari ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

The thiol-incorporated activated carbon (AC) was produced from fir wood sawdust by treating it chemically with phosphoric acid at five different impregnation ratios and used as adsorbent for Hg2+ ion in batch and fixed bed systems. The raw material and ACs samples were characterized by means of proximate and ultimate, FTIR, SEM, and BET analyses. The BET surface area of the prepared AC enhanced from 1273 m2/g to 1789 m2/g along with an increase in the impregnation ratio of H3PO4 from 1 to 1.5 g/g and then decreased to1593 m2/g. AC-H1.5 and the AC-S (modified AC) samples had the highest (1789 m2/g) and lowest surface area (1162 m2/g). The effects of various parameters such as contact time, adsorbent dose, pH and initial Hg2+ concentration for the removal of Hg2+ were studied in a batch process. The Hg2+ ion removal efficiency increased by increasing the adsorbent dosage from 0.25 to 2 g/L and the pH from 2 to 8. The equilibrium data fitted to the Freundlich, Langmuir and Redlich–Peterson isotherms, but gave a better fit to the Redlich–Peterson model. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of the mercury ion onto the AC-S sample (129 mg/g) was more than that onto the AC-H1.5 (107 mg/g). The results showed that the adsorption process fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetic models. In a fixed-bed column adsorption, the effects of bed height, flow rate and Hg2+ concentration on the breakthrough curve were investigated, on which the adsorption capacity predicted both by the Yan and Thomas models was found to be satisfactory with that determined by integrating the total area above breakthrough curves. The desorption of AC adsorbent was investigated with several acids (HCl, HNO3, H2SO4 and H3PO4) and bases (KOH, NaOH and NaCO3).

Keywords

, Mercury removal; Thiol, incorporated AC; Fir sawdust; Batch; Fixed, bed
برای دانلود از شناسه و رمز عبور پرتال پویا استفاده کنید.

@article{paperid:1057606,
author = {Fatemeh Kazemi and Habibollah Younesi and Ali Asghar Ghoreyshi and Nader Bahramifar and Heiari, Ava},
title = {Thiol-incorporated activated carbon derived fromfir wood sawdust as an efficient adsorbent for theremoval of mercury ion: Batch and fixed-bedcolumn studi},
journal = {Process Safety and Environmental Protection},
year = {2016},
volume = {100},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {0957-5820},
pages = {22--35},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {Mercury removal; Thiol-incorporated AC; Fir sawdust; Batch; Fixed-bed column},
}

[Download]

%0 Journal Article
%T Thiol-incorporated activated carbon derived fromfir wood sawdust as an efficient adsorbent for theremoval of mercury ion: Batch and fixed-bedcolumn studi
%A Fatemeh Kazemi
%A Habibollah Younesi
%A Ali Asghar Ghoreyshi
%A Nader Bahramifar
%A Heiari, Ava
%J Process Safety and Environmental Protection
%@ 0957-5820
%D 2016

[Download]