International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, ( ISI ), Volume (95), No (1), Year (2015-3) , Pages (140-155)

Title : ( Analysis of 3D Timoshenko frames having geometrical and material nonlinearities )

Authors: Mohaamad Rezaiee Pajand , nima gharaee ,

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A three-dimensional Timoshenko beam is formulated based on the force method and the Hellinger –Reissner variational principle. Material nonlinearities are taken into account by the fiber discretization scheme. The element kinematic is adopted such that makes it appropriate for large displacement analysis, but deformations can only be moderately large. Like the other force-based elements, the proposed beam is first formulated in a basic coordinate system without rigid body motions. Then, the resulted flexibility matrix and resisting force vector are transformed to the global coordinates using a corotational scheme. This finite element analysis is locking-free, because of the exact force interpolation functions. In addition, a 3D extension of the“Curvature and Shear Based Displacement Interpolation”or CSBDI, proposed by Jafari etal., is presented in the paper[10]. To facilitate the numerical implementation of the element, a clear algorithm for state determination of the element is presented. Various numerical examples evaluate the accuracy and efficiency of the suggested element.


, 3D Timoshenkoframe, Large displacement , Flexibility , Hellinger–Reissnerfunctional , Co-rotationalformulation Shear-locking
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author = {Rezaiee Pajand, Mohaamad and Gharaee, Nima},
title = {Analysis of 3D Timoshenko frames having geometrical and material nonlinearities},
journal = {International Journal of Mechanical Sciences},
year = {2015},
volume = {95},
number = {1},
month = {March},
issn = {0020-7403},
pages = {140--155},
numpages = {15},
keywords = {3D Timoshenkoframe; Large displacement ;Flexibility ;Hellinger–Reissnerfunctional ;Co-rotationalformulation Shear-locking},


%0 Journal Article
%T Analysis of 3D Timoshenko frames having geometrical and material nonlinearities
%A Rezaiee Pajand, Mohaamad
%A Gharaee, Nima
%J International Journal of Mechanical Sciences
%@ 0020-7403
%D 2015