Journal of Environmental Management, Volume (187), No (1), Year (2017-2) , Pages (416-423)

Title : ( Degradation of Diclofenac by sonosynthesis of pyrite nanoparticles )

Authors: MALIHEH KHABBAZ , Mohammad Hassan Entezari ,

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The aim of this work is to evaluate the ability of synthesized pyrite nanoparticles (NPs) on the degradation of Diclofenac (DCF) as a model pharmaceutical pollutant. Pyrite NPs were synthesized by sonication with 20 kHz apparatus under optimum conditions. The effects of pyrite loading (0.02e0.20 g/L), DCF concentration (10e50 mg/L) and initial pH (2e10) on the degradation were investigated. The results revealed that the NPs have a great activity in the degradation of DCF with 25 mg/L concentration. A firstorder kinetic model was found to match the experimental data. Complete degradation (100%) of DCF was achieved by pyrite within 3 min and 20 min in acidic and natural pH, respectively. To gain an understanding of the degradation mechanism and the role of pyrite, a UVeVis spectrophotometer was employed to follow the DCF concentration. In addition, the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and the amounts of ammonium and chloride ions verified complete degradation of DCF in both pH values. The results demonstrated that Fe2þ ions were generated by the pyrite surface and the hydroxyl radical (OH.) was formed by Fe2þ ions through the Fenton reaction. Based on using radical scavengers in the degradation process, OH. was mainly responsible for the fast degradation of DCF. COD measurements confirmed that DCF finally degraded to further oxidized forms (NH4 þ, Cl-).


, Diclofenac, Pyrite, Degradation, Nanoparticle, Hydroxyl
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author = {KHABBAZ, MALIHEH and Entezari, Mohammad Hassan},
title = {Degradation of Diclofenac by sonosynthesis of pyrite nanoparticles},
journal = {Journal of Environmental Management},
year = {2017},
volume = {187},
number = {1},
month = {February},
issn = {0301-4797},
pages = {416--423},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Diclofenac; Pyrite; Degradation; Nanoparticle; Hydroxyl radical},


%0 Journal Article
%T Degradation of Diclofenac by sonosynthesis of pyrite nanoparticles
%A Entezari, Mohammad Hassan
%J Journal of Environmental Management
%@ 0301-4797
%D 2017