Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, ( ISI ), Volume (19), No (1), Year (2017-5) , Pages (12414-12424)

Title : ( Mechanochemical synthesis of nanostructured metal nitrides, carbonitrides and carbon nitride: a combined theoretical and experimental study )

Authors: S. A. Rounaghi , D. E. P. Vanpoucke , Hossein Eshghi , S. Scudino , E. Esmaeili , St. Oswalde , Ju¨rgen Eckert ,

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Nowadays, the development of highly efficient routes for the low cost synthesis of nitrides is greatly growing. Mechanochemical synthesis is one of those promising techniques which is conventionally employed for the synthesis of nitrides by long term milling of metallic elements under a pressurized N2 or NH3 atmosphere (A. Calka and J. I. Nikolov, Nanostruct. Mater., 1995, 6, 409–412). In the present study, we describe a versatile, room-temperature and low-cost mechanochemical process for the synthesis of nanostructured metal nitrides (MNs), carbonitrides (MCNs) and carbon nitride (CNx). Based on this technique, melamine as a solid nitrogen-containing organic compound (SNCOC) is ball milled with four different metal powders (Al, Ti, Cr and V) to produce nanostructured AlN, TiCxN1x, CrCxN1x, and VCxN1x (x B 0.05). Both theoretical and experimental techniques are implemented to determine the reaction intermediates, products, by-products and finally, the mechanism underling this synthetic route. According to the results, melamine is polymerized in the presence of metallic elements at intermediate stages of the milling process, leading to the formation of a carbon nitride network. The CNx phase subsequently reacts with the metallic precursors to form MN, MCN or even MCN–CNx nano-composites depending on the defect formation energy and thermodynamic stability of the corresponding metal nitride, carbide and C/N co-doped structures.

Keywords

, Mechanochemical synthesis, nitride, carbonitrides (MCNs) and carbon nitride
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@article{paperid:1062925,
author = {S. A. Rounaghi and D. E. P. Vanpoucke and Eshghi, Hossein and S. Scudino and E. Esmaeili and St. Oswalde and Ju¨rgen Eckert},
title = {Mechanochemical synthesis of nanostructured metal nitrides, carbonitrides and carbon nitride: a combined theoretical and experimental study},
journal = {Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics},
year = {2017},
volume = {19},
number = {1},
month = {May},
issn = {1463-9076},
pages = {12414--12424},
numpages = {10},
keywords = {Mechanochemical synthesis; nitride; carbonitrides (MCNs) and carbon nitride (CNx},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Mechanochemical synthesis of nanostructured metal nitrides, carbonitrides and carbon nitride: a combined theoretical and experimental study
%A S. A. Rounaghi
%A D. E. P. Vanpoucke
%A Eshghi, Hossein
%A S. Scudino
%A E. Esmaeili
%A St. Oswalde
%A Ju¨rgen Eckert
%J Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
%@ 1463-9076
%D 2017

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