Acta Tropica, Volume (173), No (9), Year (2017-6) , Pages (55-61)

Title : ( Experimental Theileria lestoquardi infection in sheep: Biochemical and hematological changes )

Authors: Saeed Yaghfoori , Mehrdad Mohri , Gholam Reza Razmi ,

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Malignant theileriosis (Theileria lestoquardi infection) is a hemoparasitic tick-borne disease that affects both wild and domestic small ruminants. The aim of this study was to evaluate biochemical and hematological characteristics of sheep after being experimentally infected by T. lestoquardi. T. lestoquardi infection was induced in seven Baluchi sheep of six-to-eight months old via experimentally-infected Hyalomma anatolicum adult ticks. Biochemical and hematological parameters were measured twice a week during the three weeks’ post infection. Twenty-three biochemical analytes and seven hematological ones were measured. After three to four days infection, body temperature rose above 40 °C. Maximum and minimum parasitaemia were 3.3% and 0.28%, respectively. Piroplasms and schizont were seen on average from days 7.2 and 4 post infection, respectively. The concentrations and activities of Alb, HDL, ALT, T3, T4, Ca, Fe, Mg, iP, WBC, RBC, PCV, Hb, Plt, neutrophil and lymphocytes significantly decreased (P≤0.05) during experimental infection. However, concentrations and activities of BT, GGT, Glu, BUN, Crea, FIB and Cu significantly increased (P ≤0.05). There was no significant change in the serum amounts of Chol, LDL, TG, VLDL and Zn. The observed hypoalbuminemia and increase of FIB concentrations referred to pro-inflammatory cytokines production. Moreover, the raising of GGT activity indicates liver damage, cholestatic disorders or schizont infiltration. The disease stress and corticosteroids are suspected to cause the Glu concentration increase. The present study is aimed at improving the knowledge of malignant theileriosis.


, Hematology, Biochemistry, Sheep, Theileria lestoquardi, Trace
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author = {Yaghfoori, Saeed and Mohri, Mehrdad and Razmi, Gholam Reza},
title = {Experimental Theileria lestoquardi infection in sheep: Biochemical and hematological changes},
journal = {Acta Tropica},
year = {2017},
volume = {173},
number = {9},
month = {June},
issn = {0001-706X},
pages = {55--61},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Hematology;Biochemistry;Sheep;Theileria lestoquardi;Trace elements},


%0 Journal Article
%T Experimental Theileria lestoquardi infection in sheep: Biochemical and hematological changes
%A Yaghfoori, Saeed
%A Mohri, Mehrdad
%A Razmi, Gholam Reza
%J Acta Tropica
%@ 0001-706X
%D 2017