Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, ( ISI ), Volume (20), No (4), Year (2017-7) , Pages (17-27)

Title : ( Physiological defense of the white grub, Polyphylla adspersa Motschulsky (Col., Scarabaeidae) against entomopathogenic nematodes )

Authors: Jamileh Alvandi , Javad Karimi , M. Ghadamyari , M. Sharifi , Ahmad Asoodeh ,

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This study addressed the modulation of immune responses of the white grub larvae Polyphylla adspersa Motschulsky (Col., Melolonthidae) when challenged with entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema glaseri. To investigate the immunity system, 20 infective juvenile (IJs) of the EPNs were injected into the larval haemolymph at incubation time. Haemocytic reactions of the larvae against the EPNs at different times post-injection (hpi) showed changes in total haemocyte count (THC) and differential haemocyte count (DHC). Encapsulation as a prominent and typical cellular reaction reached its maximum rate at 8 hpi of H. bacteriophora and 12 hpi of S. glaseri. The encapsulation reaction against H. bacteriophora was significantly different from that against S. glaseri. In contrast to the second instar larvae, the third larval stage had a higher encapsulation rate and specific phenoloxidase activity when injected with both species of EPNs. The humoral reaction related to this enzymatic activity could create initial melanization at 18 hpi of S. glaseri and 12 hpi of H. bacteriophora. However, EPNs probably reduced the number of circulating haemocytes in haemolymphs by their pathogenic potentials and symbiotic bacteria. This occurrence, which was followed by a reduction in the THC, decreased the intensity of the cellular and humoral responses of the larvae. Therefore, the immune system of the grub was activated by the initial infection with EPNs, but was finally suppressed by their activity. This study showed the weak immune response of the white grub larvae of P. adspersa against EPNs, S. glaseri, and H. bacteriophora. This finding could aid biocontrol management by facilitating the selection of a suitable EPN species for its virulence and ability to suppress insect defense systems.

Keywords

Cellular defense Insect nematology Humoral immune response Insect immunity White
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@article{paperid:1063231,
author = {Alvandi, Jamileh and Karimi, Javad and M. Ghadamyari and M. Sharifi and Asoodeh, Ahmad},
title = {Physiological defense of the white grub, Polyphylla adspersa Motschulsky (Col., Scarabaeidae) against entomopathogenic nematodes},
journal = {Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology},
year = {2017},
volume = {20},
number = {4},
month = {July},
issn = {1226-8615},
pages = {17--27},
numpages = {10},
keywords = {Cellular defense Insect nematology Humoral immune response Insect immunity White grub},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Physiological defense of the white grub, Polyphylla adspersa Motschulsky (Col., Scarabaeidae) against entomopathogenic nematodes
%A Alvandi, Jamileh
%A Karimi, Javad
%A M. Ghadamyari
%A M. Sharifi
%A Asoodeh, Ahmad
%J Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
%@ 1226-8615
%D 2017

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