International Workshop on Drought Management and Desertification Contorol, ,. 22-24 May 2017. , Iran , 2017-05-22

Title : ( Drought Impacts on Water Resources in Iran )

Authors: Abolfazl Mosaedi , Mohammad Ghabaei Sough ,

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Iran is located in an arid and semi-arid of the word. About 70% of the total areas of the country are arid or semi-arid with an annual precipitation of less than 250 mm. Over the pervious decades, country has experienced extensive and severe water deficit with a return frequency of every 5–7 years in some local zones. Its vulnerability to drought is increasing because of reduced per capita water availability, resulting from population increase, climate change and overexploitation as well as quality degradation of the available water resources. The available fresh water per capita in Iran was ½ of the world average in the early years of 1960, but it was reduced to 1/3 (one third) of the world’s related average in 2000. It is expected that it will be around ¼ of the world’s related average in 20 next years. This paper describes the conditions of Iran water resources with insight on precipitation, temperature, observed runoff, renewable water resources and their variations in long-term and present short-term average. In addition, it investigate the impacts of drought occurrence, climate change and human intervention on change of component of water cycle spatially for observed runoff at downstream of main river basins. In spite of frequent occurrence of droughts and their severe impacts on water resources, crop yields, environment, social and economy, the lack of strategy and action plan for drought management in the country can be observed.

Keywords

, Drought, climate change, Water Resources, semi-arid,
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@inproceedings{paperid:1063585,
author = {Mosaedi, Abolfazl and Mohammad Ghabaei Sough},
title = {Drought Impacts on Water Resources in Iran},
booktitle = {International Workshop on Drought Management and Desertification Contorol, ,. 22-24 May 2017. , Iran},
year = {2017},
location = {Mashhad, IRAN},
keywords = {Drought; climate change; Water Resources; semi-arid; Iran},
}

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%0 Conference Proceedings
%T Drought Impacts on Water Resources in Iran
%A Mosaedi, Abolfazl
%A Mohammad Ghabaei Sough
%J International Workshop on Drought Management and Desertification Contorol, ,. 22-24 May 2017. , Iran
%D 2017

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