Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, ( ISI ), Year (2017-12)

Title : ( Improving efficiency of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory peptide as multifunctional peptides )

Authors: H.Tanzadehpanaha , Ahmad Asoodeh , M. Saidijam , J.Chamani , H. Mahaki ,

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Abstract

Bioactive peptides have been defined as specific protein fragments that have numerous biological activities. The aim of this study was to introduce three multifunctional peptides. Hence, we used rabbit lung angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor peptide AFKDEDTEEVPFR to prepare two analogous peptides KDEDTEEVP and KDEDTEEVH. ACE inhibitory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities of three synthetic peptides were investigated. Among the three peptides, KDEDTEEVP exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity with IC50 value of 69.63 ± 2.51 μM. Furthermore, the results of fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular modeling showed that KDEDTEEVP had more affinity to ACE than other peptides. The peptide of KDEDTEEVH showed the strongest antioxidant scavenging capacity on DPPH radicals (EC50 = 135 ± 9.62 μM), hydroxyl radicals (EC50 = 144 ± 8.73 μM), and ABTS radicals (EC50 = 62 ± 4.52%). Moreover, it showed the highest activity in iron-chelating test (EC50 = 226 ± 14.13 μM) and could also effectively inhibit the peroxidation of linoleic acid. The antimicrobial activity results showed that KDEDTEEVH had higher efficiency against Gram-positive than Gram-negative bacteria with MIC values of higher than 205 ± 10.75 μM. Although there was not a direct correlation between ACE inhibitor and antioxidant activity for analogous peptides, both analogous peptides exhibited more efficiency than the mother peptide. Thus, they can be considered as multifunctional peptides and would be beneficial ingredient to be used in food and drug industry.

Keywords

bioactive peptide; ACE inhibition; antioxidant activity; antimicrobial activity; fluorescence spectroscopy; molecular modeling
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@article{paperid:1065842,
author = {H.Tanzadehpanaha and Asoodeh, Ahmad and M. Saidijam and J.Chamani and H. Mahaki},
title = {Improving efficiency of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory peptide as multifunctional peptides},
journal = {Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics},
year = {2017},
month = {December},
issn = {0739-1102},
keywords = {bioactive peptide; ACE inhibition; antioxidant activity; antimicrobial activity; fluorescence spectroscopy; molecular modeling},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Improving efficiency of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory peptide as multifunctional peptides
%A H.Tanzadehpanaha
%A Asoodeh, Ahmad
%A M. Saidijam
%A J.Chamani
%A H. Mahaki
%J Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
%@ 0739-1102
%D 2017

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