Energy Conversion and Management, ( ISI ), Volume (160), No (1), Year (2018-1) , Pages (93-108)

Title : ( Optimization and parametric analysis of a nano fluid based photovoltaic thermal system: 3D numerical model with experimental validation )

Authors: Mohammad Hosseinzadeh , ali salari , Mohammad Sardarabadi , Mohammad Passandideh Fard ,

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Abstract

In this study, the effects of ZnO/water nano fluid and pure water as working fluids on the electrical and thermal energy efficiencies of a photovoltaic thermal system (PVT) are numerically investigated. The governing equations are discretized and solved using the pressure-based finite volume method by the ANSYS Fluent 16.2 software. The 3D numerical model is validated by comparing the simulation results with those of the measurements. The experiments are performed on selected days in August and September at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. To investigate the reliability of the measurements, an uncertainty analysis is per- formed for the experiments. The effects of the important operating parameters on the electrical and thermal energy efficiencies of the PVT system with ZnO/water nano fluid are studied. Moreover, the Taguchi method is applied to determine the optimum performance of the nano fluid based PVT system. The considered parameters include: absorbed solar irradiation, wind speed, ambient temperature, coolant inlet temperature, coolant mass fl ow rate, and nanoparticles mass fraction in the ZnO/water nano fluid. Based on the results of this study, reducing the coolant inlet temperature from 40 °C to 20 °C enhances the thermal energy efficiency of the nano fluid based PVT system by 16.21%. Moreover, it is found that the considered parameters in this study have slight effects on the electrical energy efficiency of the PVT system. The Taguchi analysis shows that the coolant inlet temperature is the most effective parameter on the efficiency of the nano fluid based PVT system.

Keywords

, Photovoltaic thermal system, ZnO/water nanofluid, CFD, Taguchi method
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@article{paperid:1067476,
author = {Hosseinzadeh, Mohammad and Salari, Ali and Sardarabadi, Mohammad and Passandideh Fard, Mohammad},
title = {Optimization and parametric analysis of a nano fluid based photovoltaic thermal system: 3D numerical model with experimental validation},
journal = {Energy Conversion and Management},
year = {2018},
volume = {160},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {0196-8904},
pages = {93--108},
numpages = {15},
keywords = {Photovoltaic thermal system; ZnO/water nanofluid; CFD; Taguchi method},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Optimization and parametric analysis of a nano fluid based photovoltaic thermal system: 3D numerical model with experimental validation
%A Hosseinzadeh, Mohammad
%A Salari, Ali
%A Sardarabadi, Mohammad
%A Passandideh Fard, Mohammad
%J Energy Conversion and Management
%@ 0196-8904
%D 2018

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