Journal of Radiological Protection, ( ISI ), Year (2018-5) , Pages (1-15)

Title : ( Dosimetric factors for diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures in a non-reference pregnant phantom )

Authors: Laleh Rafat Motavali , Seyyed Hashem Miri Hakimabad , elie Hosseinian ,

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Abstract

This study was evaluated the impact of using non-reference fetal models on the fetal radiation dose from diagnostic radionuclide administration. The 6 month pregnant phantoms including fetal models at 10th and 90th growth percentiles were constructed at either end of the normal range around the 50th percentile and implemented in the Monte Carlo N-Particle code version MCNPX 2.6. The code have been used then to evaluate the 99mTc S factors of interested target organs as the most common used radionuclide in nuclear medicine procedures. Substantial variations were observed in the S factors between the 10th/90th percentile phantoms from the 50th percentile phantom, with the greatest difference being 38.6 %. When the source organs were in close proximity to, or inside the fetal body, the 99mTc S factors presented strong statistical correlations with fetal body habitus. The trends observed in the S factors and the differences between various percentiles were justified by the source organs' masses, and chord length distributions (CLDs). The results of this study showed that fetal body habitus had a considerable effect on fetal dose (on average up to 8.4%) if constant fetal biokinetic data was considered for all fetal weight percentiles. However, an almost smaller variation on fetal dose (up to 5.3%) was obtained if the available biokinetic data for the reference fetus was scaled by fetal mass.

Keywords

, dosimetry, fetal dose, non-reference phantom, pregnancy, nuclear medicine, diagnostic exam
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@article{paperid:1068662,
author = {Rafat Motavali, Laleh and Miri Hakimabad, Seyyed Hashem and Hosseinian, Elie},
title = {Dosimetric factors for diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures in a non-reference pregnant phantom},
journal = {Journal of Radiological Protection},
year = {2018},
month = {May},
issn = {0952-4746},
pages = {1--15},
numpages = {14},
keywords = {dosimetry; fetal dose; non-reference phantom; pregnancy; nuclear medicine; diagnostic exam},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Dosimetric factors for diagnostic nuclear medicine procedures in a non-reference pregnant phantom
%A Rafat Motavali, Laleh
%A Miri Hakimabad, Seyyed Hashem
%A Hosseinian, Elie
%J Journal of Radiological Protection
%@ 0952-4746
%D 2018

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