Environmental Pollution, Volume (242), No (1), Year (2018-11) , Pages (2014-2026)

Title : ( Measurement of methane emission into environment during natural gas purging process )

Authors: Mahhmod Farzaneh-Gord , M.S. Pahlevan-Zadeh , A. Ebrahimi-Moghadam , Saied Rastgar ,

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Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to develop accurate equation for predicting methane emission into the environment during natural gas (NG) purging process. The process is carried out regularly in NG pressure reducing stations. For this purpose, a numerical investigation has been carried out to simulate NG exit flow from a purging valve during opening time. The simulation has been carried out using Ansys-Fluent code. To make the solution and results more similar to actual scenario, the valve is continuously opened in a transient turbulent flow. Initial condition, is assumed steady flow in the pipeline. Three-dimensional modeling is used to simulate the valve and connected pipe, and all of the effective parameters including, inlet pressure, pipeline diameter, valve diameter and purging process time (including the time which valve needs to get completely opened and also purging time) are investigated. For simplicity and also as the main component of NG is methane, methane is considered as working fluid (a real compressible gas). The numerical results show that discharging gas velocity is reached to a supersonic velocity at outlet section of valve. As the highest expected exit velocity is sonic velocity, the supersonic velocity is a surprised result. Looking at the streamlines show that this is due to a convergent-divergent nozzle occurrence (due to re-circulation zone near junction) in discharging pipe. Also results show that discharged mass flow rate has liner relation with pipeline pressure, second degree relation with valve diameter and has fourth-degree relation with valve to pipeline diameter ratio. To make the results more applicable for NG industry, two correlations have been developed for calculating the amount of released gas in steady state and unsteady state condition. Unsteady state correlation is valid for valve opening time and steady state correlation could be used while the valve is completely opened.

Keywords

Measurement of methane emission into environment during natural gas purging
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@article{paperid:1070348,
author = {Farzaneh-Gord, Mahhmod and M.S. Pahlevan-Zadeh and A. Ebrahimi-Moghadam and Saied Rastgar},
title = {Measurement of methane emission into environment during natural gas purging process},
journal = {Environmental Pollution},
year = {2018},
volume = {242},
number = {1},
month = {November},
issn = {0269-7491},
pages = {2014--2026},
numpages = {12},
keywords = {Measurement of methane emission into environment during natural gas purging process},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Measurement of methane emission into environment during natural gas purging process
%A Farzaneh-Gord, Mahhmod
%A M.S. Pahlevan-Zadeh
%A A. Ebrahimi-Moghadam
%A Saied Rastgar
%J Environmental Pollution
%@ 0269-7491
%D 2018

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