Iranian Economic Review, ( ISI ), Year (2019-3)

Title : ( Estimation of Output Gap and NAIRU in Iranian Economy Using the State Space Model )

Authors: Masoud kiumarthi , Mostafa Salimifar , Hamid Abrishami , Mohammad Taher Ahmadi Shadmehri ,

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The purpose of this paper is to estimate the output gap and NAIRU for Iran economy, both which are among the most important variables in determining the economy status. Since these variables are unobservable, to estimate them, one needs modern econometric techniques rather than conventional tools. For this reason, this paper uses the Kalman filter tool in the form of a state space model. Since there are several different specifications for a state space structure, seven different models are tested by using seasonal data from ١٩٨٩ to ٢٠١۴. Results show that only two specifications have suitable estimation results. The first one is a structural model consisting of output and unemployment rate decomposition, plus the relationship between the inflation rate and the output gap in the form of Phillips curve, and the second is a system that only includes unemployment rate decomposition. The early model can show the periods of inflationary recession during the period of ١٩٩٢–١٩٩۵, and severe economic recession during the period of ٢٠١٠–٢٠١٣ due to economic sanctions imposed on Iran. The latter model is able to depict NAIRU gap fluctuations in accordance with the inflation fluctuations. In addition to the compatibility of these results with what is observed in reality, the parameters are also statistically significant.


, Kalman Filter Method, NAIRU, Output Gap, State Space Model.
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author = {Kiumarthi, Masoud and Salimifar, Mostafa and Hamid Abrishami and Ahmadi Shadmehri, Mohammad Taher},
title = {Estimation of Output Gap and NAIRU in Iranian Economy Using the State Space Model},
journal = {Iranian Economic Review},
year = {2019},
month = {March},
issn = {1026-6542},
keywords = {Kalman Filter Method; NAIRU; Output Gap; State Space Model.},


%0 Journal Article
%T Estimation of Output Gap and NAIRU in Iranian Economy Using the State Space Model
%A Kiumarthi, Masoud
%A Salimifar, Mostafa
%A Hamid Abrishami
%A Ahmadi Shadmehri, Mohammad Taher
%J Iranian Economic Review
%@ 1026-6542
%D 2019