Breaking and Creating Boundaries in the Middle East , 2019-08-14

Title : test ( Kurdish nationalism and its results for the Middle Eastern boundaries )

Authors: Seyed Ahmad Fatemi nejad ,

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Kurdish nation is among the most historical peoples in the Middle East which partitioned in Turkey, Iraq, and Syria under the Treaty of Sevres. Within these countries, Kurds are no-table ethnic groups making powerful nationalist movements. The movements have long been suppressed by Turkey, Iraq and Syria, but three incidents have changed the Kurdish situation in these states: a) establishing a no-fly zone in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq which enforced by NATO after 1991; b) US involvement in Syrian civil war in support of Kurdish militia; c) participation of Kurds in Turkish political system after the AK-party coming to power. The aim of this article is to study why, in spite of these changes, Kurdistan independence is inevitable. Answering the question, I will use Anthony D. smith theory of national-ism, and discuss perennialist and modernist bases of Kurdistan independence.-


, Kurdish nationalism, Middle Eastern boundaries, perennialism, modernism, ethno-symbolism
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author = {Fatemi Nejad, Seyed Ahmad},
title = {test},
booktitle = {Breaking and Creating Boundaries in the Middle East},
year = {2019},
location = {helsinki},
keywords = {Kurdish nationalism; Middle Eastern boundaries; perennialism; modernism; ethno-symbolism},


%0 Conference Proceedings
%T test
%A Fatemi Nejad, Seyed Ahmad
%J Breaking and Creating Boundaries in the Middle East
%D 2019