Journal of Immunotoxicology, Volume (17), No (1), Year (2020-1) , Pages (43-50)

Title : ( Colostrum fails to prevent bovine/camelid neonatal neutrophil damage from AFB1 )

Authors: SAJJAD NAJAFI MOSLEH , Gholam Reza Mohammadi , Mehrdad Mohri , Saman Hosseinkhani , Jalil Mehrzad ,

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Exposure to environmental toxicants that affect the immune system and overall health of many mammals is mostly unavoidable. One of the more common substances is the mycotoxins, especially carcinogenic aflatoxin (AF)B1 which also causes immune suppression/dysregulation in exposed hosts. The present study analyzed the effects of naturally occurring levels of AFB1 on apoptosis of healthy bovine and camelid neonatal neutrophils (PMN) that were isolated both before and after host consumption of colostrum. Cells from bovine and camel neonates (n¼ 12 sets of PMN/mammal/timepoint) were exposed for 24 h to a low level of AFB1 (i.e. 10 ng AFB1/ml) and then intracellular ATP content and caspase-3, -7, and -9 activities (determined by bioluminescence) were assessed. The results indicated a significant lessening of intracellular ATP content and equivalents of luminescence intensity in AFB1-treated PMN in all studied samples, i.e. isolated pre-and post-colostrum consumption. In contrast, caspase-3, -7, and -9 activities in both pre- and post-colostrum consumption bovine and camelid PMN were noticeably increased (>2-fold). The damaging effects of AFB1 were more pronounced in bovine neonate PMN than in camelid ones. These results showed that camelid or bovine neonatal PMN collected pre- and post-colostrum are sensitive (moreso after consumption) to naturally occurring levels of AFB1. While merits of colostrum are well known, its failure to mitigate toxic effects of AFB1 in what would translate into a critical period in the development of immune competence (i.e. during the first few days of life in bovine and camelid calves) is surprising. The observed in vitro toxicities can help clarify underlying mechanisms of immune disorders caused by AFs in animals/humans.


, Aflatoxin B1, colostrum, ATP, bioluminescence, neonate, neutrophil
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author = {NAJAFI MOSLEH, SAJJAD and Mohammadi, Gholam Reza and Mohri, Mehrdad and سامان حسینخانی and جلیل مهرزاد},
title = {Colostrum fails to prevent bovine/camelid neonatal neutrophil damage from AFB1},
journal = {Journal of Immunotoxicology},
year = {2020},
volume = {17},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {1547-691X},
pages = {43--50},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Aflatoxin B1; colostrum; ATP; bioluminescence; neonate; neutrophil},


%0 Journal Article
%T Colostrum fails to prevent bovine/camelid neonatal neutrophil damage from AFB1
%A Mohammadi, Gholam Reza
%A Mohri, Mehrdad
%A سامان حسینخانی
%A جلیل مهرزاد
%J Journal of Immunotoxicology
%@ 1547-691X
%D 2020