Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, ( ISI ), Volume (29), No (6), Year (2020-12) , Pages (495-508)

Title : ( Designing and Validating the Sources of EFL Teacher Apprehension Scale (STAS) )

Authors: Afsaneh Ghanizadeh , Ghazaleh Goldast , Behzad Ghonsooly ,

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The purpose of the present study was to design and validate a scale for measuring the sources of English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers’ apprehension (STAS). To design the scale, the data generated from a triangulated qualitative research (Goldast and Ghanizadeh forthcoming) was employed. The model incorporated four factors, including altitudinal, organizational, L2-related factors, and classroom management. A 35-item scale on a 5-point Likert scale was developed. The designed scale was distributed among 198 EFL teachers both from language institutes and schools. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using Lisrel 8.5 statistical package was run. Implementing the modifications resulted in a refined version of the scale comprising 33 items and four factors (L2- related problems, attitudinal factors, classroom management, and organizational factors). It exhibited acceptable reliability and validity indices. To further validate STAS, its association with a highly related construct, i.e., teacher burnout was probed. A model was proposed containing teacher apprehension and teacher burnout. The model was tested via structural equation modeling (SEM). The results demonstrated that the model had a good fit with the empirical data.


Apprehension EFL teachers Validation
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author = {افسانه غنی زاده and غزاله گلدست and Ghonsooly, Behzad},
title = {Designing and Validating the Sources of EFL Teacher Apprehension Scale (STAS)},
journal = {Asia-Pacific Education Researcher},
year = {2020},
volume = {29},
number = {6},
month = {December},
issn = {0119-5646},
pages = {495--508},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {Apprehension EFL teachers Validation},


%0 Journal Article
%T Designing and Validating the Sources of EFL Teacher Apprehension Scale (STAS)
%A افسانه غنی زاده
%A غزاله گلدست
%A Ghonsooly, Behzad
%J Asia-Pacific Education Researcher
%@ 0119-5646
%D 2020