Ecopersia, Volume (8), No (2), Year (2020-5) , Pages (109-115)

Title : ( (Significant Divergence and Conservatism in the Niche Evolution of the Eurasian Green Woodpecker Complex (Aves, Picidae )

Authors: Mehdi Elahi , Mansour Aliabadian , Ghasempouri S.M , Hans Winkler ,

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Abstract

Aims Integrating ecological niche models (ENMs) into phylogeographic studies, enables identifying the evolutionary processes and can be used to confirm species delimitation, particularly in species complex. The current study examined the divergence of two lineages of Eurasian green woodpecker complex (Picus viridis and P. innominatus), which were recently genetically proposed to the species level, using ecological niche modeling (ENM). Materials & Methods The ENMs were built using 1346 occurrence points, and environmental layers including 19 bioclimatic variables as well as elevation and land cover for past and present timescales. Niche identity, background tests and principal component analyses (PCA) were then performed to compare their ecological niches and explain ecological differentiation. Findings Results of identity and background tests and PCA revealed the lineages occupy unique and distinctive niches, and supported recently proposed genetically distinct species. Regarding the environmental variables, PCA results revealed that precipitation has a more important role in the separation of P. viridis and P. innominatus. Conclusion This study, in addition to provide an ecological support for recent molecular classifications, revealed niche conservatism had a more important role in the evolution of the two lineages of Eurasian green woodpecker complex.

Keywords

Ecological niche modeling|Niche conservatism|Divergent lineages|Eurasian green woodpecker complex
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@article{paperid:1079311,
author = {Elahi, Mehdi and Aliabadian, Mansour and سید محمود قاسمپوری and هانس وینکلر},
title = {(Significant Divergence and Conservatism in the Niche Evolution of the Eurasian Green Woodpecker Complex (Aves, Picidae},
journal = {Ecopersia},
year = {2020},
volume = {8},
number = {2},
month = {May},
issn = {2322-2700},
pages = {109--115},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Ecological niche modeling|Niche conservatism|Divergent lineages|Eurasian green woodpecker complex},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T (Significant Divergence and Conservatism in the Niche Evolution of the Eurasian Green Woodpecker Complex (Aves, Picidae
%A Elahi, Mehdi
%A Aliabadian, Mansour
%A سید محمود قاسمپوری
%A هانس وینکلر
%J Ecopersia
%@ 2322-2700
%D 2020

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