Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Volume (54), No (2), Year (2020-11) , Pages (695-719)

Title : ( A Geomechanical Evaluation of Fault Reactivation Using Analytical Methods and Numerical Simulation )

Authors: majid taghipour , Mohammad Ghafoori , Gholam Reza Lashkaripour , Nasser Hafezi Moghaddas , Abdullah Molaghab ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract

One of the main problems related to mature oilfields is the decreased pore pressure due to hydrocarbon production. Therefore, to maintain the production rate of a reservoir, the lost pressure must be compensated. A very traditional method to increase the pressure is to inject natural gas into the reservoir. This technique is widely used in SW Iranian reservoirs because of the readily available supply of this type of gas. Reactivation of pre-existing faults and inducing new fractures into the reservoir and cap rock are some of the potential risks regarding gas injection. In this article, using data such as well logs, pore pressure estimates, and rock mechanical test results, the geomechanical simulation of the Asmari reservoir in the Gachsaran oilfield, SW Iran has been carried out. For this purpose, the current stress field was determined using elastic moduli of reservoir rocks and formation integrity test (FIT) results. Then, by applying analytical methods such as Mohr diagrams and slip tendency, the reactivation possibility of four faults in the field was analyzed, and the maximum sustainable pore pressures were estimated. In the next step, numerical simulations were conducted using ABAQUS software to investigate the injected gas flow path, leakage potential through the cap rock, possible fault reactivation due to gas injection, and shear stress build-up and plastic strain development in different parts of the reservoir. Results of Mohr diagrams and slip tendency showed that all the faults are stable in the current stress state, and fault F2 has the potential to sustain a maximum pore pressure of 55 MPa in the field. On the other hand, fault F3 has the proper conditions (i.e., strike and dip referring to σHmax orientation) for reactivation. Results of numerical simulations suggested that an injection pressure of 30 MPa would not induce any new fracture or fault slip within 5 years of injection. In this period, the injected gas plume moves upward through the damage zone and reaches the shallower parts of the cap rock. It was also shown that by applying an injection pressure of 60 MPa, slip would occur on fault F4 after 10 days of injection.

Keywords

Gachsaran oilfield · Asmari reservoir · Fault stability · Geomechanical modeling · Analytical methods · Numerical simulation
برای دانلود از شناسه و رمز عبور پرتال پویا استفاده کنید.

@article{paperid:1082472,
author = {Taghipour, Majid and Ghafoori, Mohammad and Lashkaripour, Gholam Reza and Hafezi Moghaddas, Nasser and Abdullah Molaghab},
title = {A Geomechanical Evaluation of Fault Reactivation Using Analytical Methods and Numerical Simulation},
journal = {Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering},
year = {2020},
volume = {54},
number = {2},
month = {November},
issn = {0723-2632},
pages = {695--719},
numpages = {24},
keywords = {Gachsaran oilfield · Asmari reservoir · Fault stability · Geomechanical modeling · Analytical methods · Numerical simulation},
}

[Download]

%0 Journal Article
%T A Geomechanical Evaluation of Fault Reactivation Using Analytical Methods and Numerical Simulation
%A Taghipour, Majid
%A Ghafoori, Mohammad
%A Lashkaripour, Gholam Reza
%A Hafezi Moghaddas, Nasser
%A Abdullah Molaghab
%J Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
%@ 0723-2632
%D 2020

[Download]