Journal of Chinese Soil and Water Conservation, Volume (51), No (3), Year (2020-9) , Pages (109-116)

Title : ( Effect of Water Conservation Policies on Groundwater Depletion in Iran )

Authors: Mohammad Mehdi Farsi Aliabadi , Mahmoud Daneshvar Kakhki , Mahmood Sabouhi Sabouni , Arash Dourandish , Hamid Amadeh ,

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The groundwater depletion in Iran is becoming an irreversible catastrophic challenge, calling for an integrative approach combining socioeconomic, technological, and political factors. This study investigates the effect of conservation policy on Iran\\\'s groundwater depletion. The adopted spatial panel model includes economic and environmental variables as well as spatial externalities. The results indicated that the gradual removal of energy subsidies for agricultural activities is an effective policy to mitigate water depletion. However, in Iran where water depletion is a serious challenge, a small increase in energy price through the removal of energy subsidies would not lead to a significant reverse in the water depletion. Also, the results demonstrated that irrigation technology subsidies have an undesired effect on water depletion. Taking advantage of these technologies to gain more profit, farmers expand their cultivated area and thus extract more water. Finally, it was found that there is a spatial correlation in the groundwater depletion in different provinces. These correlations should be taken into consideration for adequate policy design. Several policy recommendations were concluded from the results, including restriction of agricultural land in plains with the critical groundwater situation, conductivity of smart water monitoring system in the land equipped with modern irrigation technologies, the codification of drought rehabilitation program, management of agricultural commodity prices in the short run, an increase in energy prices for agricultural activities concerning the inflation rate and water utilization based on a mutual agreement between neighbor beneficiaries in provincial borders with the common aquifers.


, spatial panel econometrics, spatial spillover, water conservation
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author = {Farsi Aliabadi, Mohammad Mehdi and Daneshvar Kakhki, Mahmoud and Sabouhi Sabouni, Mahmood and Dourandish, Arash and حمید آماده},
title = {Effect of Water Conservation Policies on Groundwater Depletion in Iran},
journal = {Journal of Chinese Soil and Water Conservation},
year = {2020},
volume = {51},
number = {3},
month = {September},
issn = {0255-6073},
pages = {109--116},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {spatial panel econometrics; spatial spillover; water conservation},


%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of Water Conservation Policies on Groundwater Depletion in Iran
%A Farsi Aliabadi, Mohammad Mehdi
%A Daneshvar Kakhki, Mahmoud
%A Sabouhi Sabouni, Mahmood
%A Dourandish, Arash
%A حمید آماده
%J Journal of Chinese Soil and Water Conservation
%@ 0255-6073
%D 2020