Ore Geology Reviews, ( ISI ), Volume (129), Year (2020-12)

Title : ( Evidence of iron oxide-copper–gold mineralization in the Torud-Chahshirin Magmatic Belt, northern Iran: Insight from the Robaie area )

Authors: mehdi mahdavi akerdi , Azadeh Malekzadeh Shafaroudi , Mohammad Hassan Karimpour , Behnam Rahimi , Jose Francisco Santos ,

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The Torud-Chahshirin Magmatic Belt in northern Iran is defined by Tertiary porphyry, IOCG, Skarn, Manto, MVT, and Au, Ag and base metal-rich epithermal systems, and it is a part of the eastern Alborz Orogenic Belt of Iran. Mineralization in the Torud-Chahshirin Magmatic Belt occurs as veins, veinlet, and disseminated mineralization hosted by the Eocene-Oligocene volcanic, subvolcanic, and volcanoclastic rocks. Mineralization prospects of the Torud-Chahshirin Mgmatic Belt are spatially and temporally accompanied with magmatic rocks of early to middle Eocene (~55–37 Ma.) calc-alkaline and early to late Oligocene (~34–24 Ma.) alkaline rocks that have continually evolved through assimilation and fractional crystallization (AFC) processes at shallow crustal levels. The Robaie area is located in the Torud-Chahshirin Magmatic Belt. The dominant stratigraphic unit is composed of Eocene volcanic rocks (trachyandesitic to andesitic in composition), which are intruded by subvolcanic rocks. The subvolcanic rocks have features typical of shoshonitic affinity and are metaluminous to weakly peraluminous. These rocks are characterized by enrichment in large-ion-lithophile elements (LILEs) and light rare-earth-elements (LREEs), depletion of heavy rare-earth-elements (REEs, LaN/YbN ≈ 9.65–24.34), and high-field-strength-elements (HFSEs). Values of εNd(i) commonly show a small variation between +0.2 and +0.7, whilst 86Sr/87Sr (i) goes from 0.7056 to 0.7063. The whole set of evidence agrees with derivation of intrusive rocks of Robaie from primitive magma resulting from partial melting in a mantle wedge above a subduction zone. A sample from a dyke of biotite-hornblende diorite porphyry, with a negative εNd(i) value (???? 1.7), probably corresponds to a magma that underwent assimilation of crustal material. U-Pb data of zircons from dioritic stock and dyke show ages of 49.99 Ma and 50.43 Ma, respectively. Mineralization in Robaie is related to the biotite-hornblende diorite intrusions and is associated with hydrothermal alterations including argillic, argillic-silicification, argillic-sericitic, and propylitic alteration. The ore-bearing veins, veinlets, and disseminated mineralization are controlled by structures. There are two types of veins and veinlets mineralization in the Robaie area including: 1) quartz-chalcopyrite-pyrite-specularite ± gold veins, and 2) quartz-chalcopyrite- pyrite-specularite-magnetite ± gold veinlets. The highest amount of copper (>1%) and gold (>5 g/t) is associated with quartz-chalcopyrite-pyrite-specularite ± gold veins. Microthermometric study of fluid inclusions shows that homogenization temperatures are 181–422 ◦C and salinities of ore-forming fluids ranged from 11.1 to 17 wt% NaCl equivalent. The temperature and salinity of ore-forming fluids were lower in the formation of the quartz-chalcopyrite-pyrite-specularite ± gold veins than in the quartz-chalcopyrite-pyrite-specularite-magnetite ± gold veinlets, and fluid mixing was the most important mechanism for mineralization in the area. The mineralogy, alteration, geochemistry, fluid inclusion studies, and petrogenesis of subvolcanic rocks of the Robaie area indicate that the Robaie deposit could be classified as a member of the Iron Oxide-Copper-Gold (IOCG) deposits.


, Iron oxide, copper–gold deposit Nd, Sr isotopes U, Pb geochronology Fluid inclusion Robaie Torud, Chahshirin Iran
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author = {Mahdavi Akerdi, Mehdi and Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Azadeh and Karimpour, Mohammad Hassan and Rahimi, Behnam and Jose Francisco Santos},
title = {Evidence of iron oxide-copper–gold mineralization in the Torud-Chahshirin Magmatic Belt, northern Iran: Insight from the Robaie area},
journal = {Ore Geology Reviews},
year = {2020},
volume = {129},
month = {December},
issn = {0169-1368},
keywords = {Iron oxide-copper–gold deposit Nd-Sr isotopes U-Pb geochronology Fluid inclusion Robaie Torud-Chahshirin Iran},


%0 Journal Article
%T Evidence of iron oxide-copper–gold mineralization in the Torud-Chahshirin Magmatic Belt, northern Iran: Insight from the Robaie area
%A Mahdavi Akerdi, Mehdi
%A Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Azadeh
%A Karimpour, Mohammad Hassan
%A Rahimi, Behnam
%A Jose Francisco Santos
%J Ore Geology Reviews
%@ 0169-1368
%D 2020