Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Volume (210), No (7), Year (2022-7) , Pages (532-540)

Title : ( Psychopathology and Poor Clinical Insight in Psychotic Patients )

Authors: Mojtaba Habibi Asgarabad , Seyed Ruhollah Hosseini , Pardis Salehi Yegaei , Shahram Moradi , Paul H. Lysaker ,

Access to full-text not allowed by authors

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote


Abstract: Poor clinical insight is one of the most common features of schizophrenia spectrum disorders and plays a critical role in prognosis and treatment. Considering the biological and phenomenological overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder with psychotic features (BID) and increasing incidents of methamphetamine-induced psychotic disorder (MIPD) patients in Iran, it is necessary to have a clear picture of insight among these three groups. The aim of the present study was to compare clinical insight and other aspects of illness among three different disorders: schizophrenia, BID, and MIPD. In addition, we sought to examine the relationship of the severity of psychotic symptoms with clinical insight in each group. A total of 115 male inpatients, including 48 persons diagnosed with schizophrenia, 35 persons diagnosed with BID, and 32 persons diagnosed with MIPD, were selected. All participants completed the Scale to Assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. The results of analysis of variance indicated that schizophrenia patients reported higher rates of illness duration and number of hospital admissions in comparison to the MIPD and BID groups. In addition, persons diagnosed with BID reported more of these outcomes than MIPD groups. However, the three groups showed similar patterns in terms of age of onset and educational, marital, and occupational statuses. The results also revealed that awareness of the disorder was more impaired in schizophrenia patients compared with BID and MIPD patients and in MIPD compared with BID groups. However, the level of awareness of the effect of medication, the awareness of social consequences, and the total score of clinical insight were similar across the three diagnostic groups. As expected, poor clinical insight was correlated with high levels of positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms in the schizophrenia group; with high levels of positive, cognitive, and depressive symptoms in the BID group; and with high levels of positive and excitement symptoms in MIPD. In addition, hierarchical linear regression analyses revealed that only cognitive symptoms in the schizophrenia group and excitement symptoms in the MIPD group significantly predicted the overall score of clinical insight. In the BID group, both cognitive and depressive symptoms significantly predicted clinical insight. These findings suggest that there are differing levels of poor clinical insight in schizophrenia, MIPD, and BID and that poor clinical insight found within each group may have different antecedents.


, Clinical insight, psychotic symptoms, psychotic disorders, bipolar I, methamphetamine, schizophrenia spectrum
برای دانلود از شناسه و رمز عبور پرتال پویا استفاده کنید.

author = {Mojtaba Habibi Asgarabad and Hosseini, Seyed Ruhollah and Pardis Salehi Yegaei and Shahram Moradi and Paul H. Lysaker},
title = {Psychopathology and Poor Clinical Insight in Psychotic Patients},
journal = {Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
year = {2022},
volume = {210},
number = {7},
month = {July},
issn = {0022-3018},
pages = {532--540},
numpages = {8},
keywords = {Clinical insight; psychotic symptoms; psychotic disorders; bipolar I; methamphetamine; schizophrenia spectrum},


%0 Journal Article
%T Psychopathology and Poor Clinical Insight in Psychotic Patients
%A Mojtaba Habibi Asgarabad
%A Hosseini, Seyed Ruhollah
%A Pardis Salehi Yegaei
%A Shahram Moradi
%A Paul H. Lysaker
%J Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
%@ 0022-3018
%D 2022