Scientific Reports, Volume (12), No (1), Year (2022-11)

Title : ( Hypogene enrichment in Miduk porphyry copper ore deposit, Iran )

Authors: Leila Yousefi Soorani , B. Shafiei Baft , Seyed Massoud Homam , Z. Abbasloo , H. Taghizadeh Zanooghi ,

Access to full-text not allowed by authors

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote


This study was planned with the aim of identifying the nature and circumstances of the high- graded central core and increasing trend of copper content through depth of 1000 m in Miduk PCD. Mechanisms of high-grading, refer to hypogene enrichment (HE), in PCDs poorly understood. Two main hypotheses for hypogene enrichment formation assumed addition of extra copper to the system, alternatively hypogene leaching and enrichment. In order to obtain alteration-mineralization- geochemical pattern both horizontally and vertically, all macroscopic data extracted from relogging of 6800 m’ drill core along an east–west profile, compiled with microscopic observations from studying of 550 thin-polished sections and copper grades of 3400 samples analyzed by XRF and ICP-OES. Our findings proved hypogene enrichment events at deposit. HE evidences in macroscopic and microscopic scales identified almost as various replacement textures between Fe-Cu sulphides and also vein- reopening by later Cu-mineralization and new generation of disseminated or vein type mineralization. In addition, appearance of dark halo, as consuming intermediate chalcocite phase, around pyrite and chalcopyrite which gradually evolves as bornite, also extruding extra iron as fibrous hematite at the outer edge of bornite product replaced chalcopyrite, partially replacement of bornite and chalcopyrite to hypogene chalcocite and covellite-digenite in deep potassic are other HE evidences in the case study. Here, we draw on microscopic observations and SEM-BSE-EDS results, secondary hypogene genesis for some of bornite and chalcopyrite as a hypogene enrichment evidence. Observations from relogging show that potassic alteration has a relatively good preservation in the center of the deposit from depth to surface, but affected by intense overprinting of subsequent alterations towards margins. Evident function of ore-leaching at margins, also elevated copper grades in central parts of the deposit strongly suggest leaching-fixation mechanism. Where buffer potential of the rock is preserved copper fixation and where it totally eliminated almost complete leaching of copper happened. Consequently, we introduce leaching-fixation as index processes in hypogene enrichment at the case study. We suggest that identifying the nature of hypogene enrichment processes and its characterizations not only improve understanding about PCD’s hydrothermal evolution, but also achieve exploration indicators, furthermore, industrial benefits in the production line.


, Hypogene , Miduk porphyry copper ore , Fe, Cu sulphides
برای دانلود از شناسه و رمز عبور پرتال پویا استفاده کنید.

author = {Yousefi Soorani, Leila and B. Shafiei Baft and Homam, Seyed Massoud and Z. Abbasloo and H. Taghizadeh Zanooghi},
title = {Hypogene enrichment in Miduk porphyry copper ore deposit, Iran},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
year = {2022},
volume = {12},
number = {1},
month = {November},
issn = {2045-2322},
keywords = {Hypogene - Miduk porphyry copper ore - Fe-Cu sulphides},


%0 Journal Article
%T Hypogene enrichment in Miduk porphyry copper ore deposit, Iran
%A Yousefi Soorani, Leila
%A B. Shafiei Baft
%A Homam, Seyed Massoud
%A Z. Abbasloo
%A H. Taghizadeh Zanooghi
%J Scientific Reports
%@ 2045-2322
%D 2022