BMC Plant Biology, ( ISI ), Volume (24), No (85), Year (2024-2) , Pages (1-15)

Title : ( Physiological and molecular changes of onion (Allium cepa L.) seeds under different aging conditions )

Authors: reza kamaei , Mohammad Kafi , Reza Tavakkol Afshari , Saeid Malekzadeh Shafaroudi , Jafar Nabati ,

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Background Onion seeds have limited storage capacity compared to other vegetable seeds. It is crucial to identify the mechanisms that induce tolerance to storage conditions and reduce seed deterioration. To address this goal, an experiment was conducted to evaluate changes in germination, biochemical, physiological, and molecular characteristics of onion seed landraces (Horand, Kazerun landraces and Zargan cultivar) at different aging levels (control, three-days and six-days accelerated aging, and natural aging for one year). Results The findings suggest that there was an increase in glucose, fructose, total sugar, and electrolyte leakage in the Horand (HOR), Kazerun (KAZ) landraces, and Zarghan (ZAR) cultivar, with Kazerun exhibiting the greatest increase. The percentage and rate of germination of Kazerun decreased by 54% and 33%, respectively, in six-day accelerated aging compared to the control, while it decreased by 12% and 14%, respectively, in Horand. Protein content decreased with increasing levels of aging, with a decrease of 26% in Kazerun landrace at six days of aging, while it was 16% in Horand landrace. The antioxidant activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase decreased more intensively in Kazerun. The expression of AMY1, BMY1, CTR1, and NPR1 genes were lower in Kazerun landraces than in Horand and Zargan at different aging levels. Conclusions The AMY1, BMY1, CTR1, and NPR1 genes play a pivotal role in onion seed germination, and their downregulation under stressful conditions has been shown to decrease germination rates. In addition, the activity of CAT, SOD, and GPx enzymes decreased by seed aging, and the amount of glucose, fructose, total sugar and electrolyte leakage increased, which ultimately led to seed deterioration. Based on the results of this experiment, it is recommended to conduct further studies into the molecular aspects involved in onion seed deterioration. More research on the genes related to this process is suggested, as well as investigating the impact of different priming treatments on the genes expression involved in the onion seed aging process.


, Electrolyte leakage, Gene expression, Germination percentage, Protein concentration, Total sugar
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author = {Kamaei, Reza and Kafi, Mohammad and Tavakkol Afshari, Reza and Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Saeid and Nabati, Jafar},
title = {Physiological and molecular changes of onion (Allium cepa L.) seeds under different aging conditions},
journal = {BMC Plant Biology},
year = {2024},
volume = {24},
number = {85},
month = {February},
issn = {1471-2229},
pages = {1--15},
numpages = {14},
keywords = {Electrolyte leakage; Gene expression; Germination percentage; Protein concentration; Total sugar},


%0 Journal Article
%T Physiological and molecular changes of onion (Allium cepa L.) seeds under different aging conditions
%A Kamaei, Reza
%A Kafi, Mohammad
%A Tavakkol Afshari, Reza
%A Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Saeid
%A Nabati, Jafar
%J BMC Plant Biology
%@ 1471-2229
%D 2024