Iran Agricultural Research-تحقیقات کشاورزی ایران, Volume (20), No (1), Year (2001-1) , Pages (83-96)

Title : soil water regime and water conservation efficiency in a non-irrigated semi-arid environment ( Soil water regime and water conservation efficiency in a non-irrigated semi-arid environment )

Authors: Navar Khalili , Ali Akbar Kamgar Haghighi , Bijan Ghahraman ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Soil wter content at different soil depths over time, was studied in a non-irrigated , semi-arid environment. The research was carried out for two consecutive years with below- and above- average annual rainfall, beginning in October 1996 and ending in October 1998, under cultivation and fallow conditions. For the below-average rainfall season, soil moisture content at various depths fluctuated during rainy period but returned to the initial levels by the end of the season. For the season with above-average rainfall, the final soil moisture content showed a slight increase over that at the year’s beginning. Also, agricultural effective rainfall was investigated as a function of individual rainfall events for every months of the rainy season. The results showed good correlations for November through January, but weak correlations for February through April due to increased temperature and higher evaporation rates. Fallow efficiencies in rain water conservation were calculated as 4.4 and 16.2% for the below and above average rainfall seasons respectively, and fallow (cultivated) efficiencies for the above situations were 0.7 and 9.5%, respectively. It was concluded that land fallowing for moisture conservation is not justified in the study area. Actually, individual rain events were not effective in providing short term (monthly) soil moisture storage. Furthermore, since arid and semi-arid environments have a variety of microclimatic situations, a thorough evaluation of soil moisture storage over time should be conducted in each specific region.

Keywords

, Agricultural effective rainfall, Dryland agriculture, Fallow efficiency, Soil water
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@article{paperid:201822,
author = {Navar Khalili and Ali Akbar Kamgar Haghighi and Ghahraman, Bijan},
title = {soil water regime and water conservation efficiency in a non-irrigated semi-arid environment},
journal = {Iran Agricultural Research-تحقیقات کشاورزی ایران},
year = {2001},
volume = {20},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {1013-9885},
pages = {83--96},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {Agricultural effective rainfall; Dryland agriculture; Fallow efficiency; Soil water behavior},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T soil water regime and water conservation efficiency in a non-irrigated semi-arid environment
%A Navar Khalili
%A Ali Akbar Kamgar Haghighi
%A Ghahraman, Bijan
%J Iran Agricultural Research-تحقیقات کشاورزی ایران
%@ 1013-9885
%D 2001

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