Journal of Dairy Science, ( ISI ), Volume (90), Year (2007-8) , Pages (4181-4191)

Title : Effect of Isoflupredone Acetate With or Without Insulin on Energy Metabolism, Reproduction, Milk Pro ( Effect of Isoflupredone Acetate With or Without Insulin on Energy Metabolism, Reproduction, Milk Pro )

Authors: Hesam A Seifi , LeBlanc , Vernooy , Leslie , Duffield ,

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Glucocorticoids are commonly used to treat cows with clinical ketosis and fatty liver disease, but their use is controversial. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the effects of isoflupredone acetate alone or with insulin on the energy metabolism of dairy cows in early lactation in a large double-blind, randomized clinical trial. A total of 1,162 Holstein cows and firstlactation heifers were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 3 treatments between the day of parturition and 8 DIM: group A, 20-mg i.m. injection of isoflupredone and 100 units of insulin; group B, 20-mg i.m. injection of isoflupredone; groupC(control group), 10-mL i.m. injection of sterile water. Treatments were randomized across 24 dairy farms located near Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Serum samples obtained at the time of treatment and at wk 1 and 2 following treatment were analyzed for β-hydroxybutyrate, nonesterified fatty acids, glucose, calcium, potassium, sodium, and chloride. Cows were assigned a body condition score at the time of enrollment. Data were analyzed using a repeatedmeasures mixed model that accounted for the effects of parity and body condition score, and the random effects of cow and farm. Cows that received isoflupredone with insulin and isoflupredone alone had higher β-hydroxybutyrate and nonesterified fatty acid concentrations 1 wk after treatment compared with control cows. Cows that received isoflupredone acetate plus insulin had lower glucose concentrations at 1 wk after treatment. Calcium concentrations 1 wk after treatment were lower for cows that received isoflupredone and insulin or isoflupredone only compared with control cows. Serum sodium, potassium, and chloride concentrations were not influenced by treatment. The effect of treatment on the proportion of cows with subclinical ketosis was evaluated with a logistic regression model. Over the 2 wk following treatment, a significant increase in the prevalence of subclinical ketosis was observed in the isoflupredone plus insulin group relative to the control group. Among 972 cows that were not ketotic at enrollment, cows that received isoflupredone acetate plus insulin or isoflupredone acetate only were, respectively, 1.72 and 1.59 times more likely than control cows to develop subclinical ketosis 1 wk after treatment. There were no treatment effects on test-day milk production, milk fat and protein percentages, or the intervals from calving to first insemination or pregnancy.

Keywords

, energy, peripartum, glucocorticoid,
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@article{paperid:203805,
author = {Seifi, Hesam A and LeBlanc and Vernooy and Leslie and Duffield},
title = {Effect of Isoflupredone Acetate With or Without Insulin on Energy Metabolism, Reproduction, Milk Pro},
journal = {Journal of Dairy Science},
year = {2007},
volume = {90},
month = {August},
issn = {0022-0302},
pages = {4181--4191},
numpages = {10},
keywords = {energy; peripartum; glucocorticoid; insulin},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of Isoflupredone Acetate With or Without Insulin on Energy Metabolism, Reproduction, Milk Pro
%A Seifi, Hesam A
%A LeBlanc
%A Vernooy
%A Leslie
%A Duffield
%J Journal of Dairy Science
%@ 0022-0302
%D 2007

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