Veterinary Research Communications, ( ISI ), Year (2007-3)

Title : Ischaemia/reperfusion injury in experimentally induced abomasal volvulus in sheep ( Ischaemia/reperfusion injury in experimentally induced abomasal volvulus in sheep )

Authors: Kamran Sharifi , MOHSEN MALEKI ,

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ABSTRACT The purpose of the studywas to evaluate ischaemia/reperfusion injury in simulated abomasal volvulus in sheep. Sixteen ewes were randomly allocated to three groups. The control group (n = 4) served as sham-operated controls. The animals of the ischaemia group and reperfusion group (n = 6, each) underwent a simulated ‘abomasal volvulus’. The abomasum was exteriorized under general inhalation anasthesia and forced into a 180◦ anticlockwise rotation around its longitudinal axis, followed by another 270◦ anticlockwise rotation around its transectional axis. All ewes were monitored for 4 h. In the reperfusion group, volvulus was released after 3 h (i.e., 1 h of reperfusion). In the ischaemia group, the volvulus remained for 4 h (no reperfusion). Vital signs were monitored and some haematological and biochemical parameters were measured, without any significant differences. Full-section biopsy specimens were taken at the 3rd and 4th hours from the greater curvature of the abomasum. Histopathological lesions were scored according to the severity of mucosal oedema, submucosal oedema, haemorrhage submucosal and submuscularis layers, and polymorphonuclear infiltration on a scale of 0 to 4 (nil, mild, moderate, severe, and extreme). Another biopsy specimenwas taken at the 4th hour for transmission electron microscopic examination. The scored lesions in light-microscopic examination were significantly different at the 3rd and 4th hours between the control and the experimental groups (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the reperfusion and ischaemia groups (p > 0.1). Within-group comparisons (3rd hour with 4th hour) revealed no significant differences. In transmission electron microscopic examination there were no remarkable changes in the control group, but in the ischaemia and reperfusion groups there were remarkable cellular (epithelial and goblet cells), mitochondrial and microvillous changes that strongly implied the occurrence of ischaemia (p < 0.05). In transmission electron-microscopic examination of abomasal samples the lesions were more remarkable in reperfusion group than in the ischaemia group. It is concluded that ischaemia/reperfusion injury occurred in this model of simulated abomasal volvulus in sheep and that ischaemia/reperfusion injury should be considered as a potential determining

Keywords

, Ischemia reperfusion,
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@article{paperid:1004631,
author = {Sharifi, Kamran and MALEKI, MOHSEN},
title = {Ischaemia/reperfusion injury in experimentally induced abomasal volvulus in sheep},
journal = {Veterinary Research Communications},
year = {2007},
month = {March},
issn = {0165-7380},
keywords = {Ischemia reperfusion- sheep-},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Ischaemia/reperfusion injury in experimentally induced abomasal volvulus in sheep
%A Sharifi, Kamran
%A MALEKI, MOHSEN
%J Veterinary Research Communications
%@ 0165-7380
%D 2007

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