Annals of Biomedical Engineering, ( ISI ), Volume (38), No (9), Year (2010-9) , Pages (2817-2828)

Title : ( Bend Sweep Angle and Reynolds Number Effects on Hemodynamics of S-Shaped Arteries )

Authors: Hamid Niazmand , Ehsan Rajabi Jaghargh ,

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Abstract—The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the Reynolds number and the bend sweep angle on the blood flow patterns of S-shaped bends. The numerical simulations of steady flows in S-shaped bends with sweep angles of 45, 90, and 135 are performed at Reynolds numbers of 125, 500, and 960. Hemodynamic characteristics such as secondary flows, vorticity, and axial velocity profiles are analyzed in detail. Flow patterns in S-shaped bends are strongly dependent on both Reynolds number and bend sweep angle, which can be categorized into three groups based on the first bend secondary flow effects on the transverse flow of the second bend. For low Reynolds numbers and any sweep angles, secondary flows in the second bend eliminate the first bend effects in the early sections of the second bend and therefore the axial velocity profile is consistent with the bend curvature, while for high Reynolds numbers depending on the bend sweep angles the secondary vortex pattern of the first bend may persist partially or totally throughout the second bend leading to a four-vortex secondary structure. Moreover, an interesting flow feature observed at the Reynolds number of 960 is that the secondary flow asymmetrical behavior occurred around the second bend exit and along the outflow straight section. This symmetry-breaking phenomenon which has not been reported in the previous studies is shown to be more pronounced in the 90 S-shaped bend as compared to other models considered here. The probability of flow separation as one of the important flow features contributing to the onset and development of arterial wall diseases is also studied. It is observed that the second bend outer wall of gentle bends with sweep angles from 20 to 30 at high enough Reynolds numbers are prone to flow separation.


, Keywords—S-shaped arteries, Hemodynamic, Blood flow, Secondary flow, Separation, Bend sweep angle.
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author = {Niazmand, Hamid and Rajabi Jaghargh, Ehsan},
title = {Bend Sweep Angle and Reynolds Number Effects on Hemodynamics of S-Shaped Arteries},
journal = {Annals of Biomedical Engineering},
year = {2010},
volume = {38},
number = {9},
month = {September},
issn = {0090-6964},
pages = {2817--2828},
numpages = {11},
keywords = {Keywords—S-shaped arteries; Hemodynamic; Blood flow; Secondary flow; Separation; Bend sweep angle.},


%0 Journal Article
%T Bend Sweep Angle and Reynolds Number Effects on Hemodynamics of S-Shaped Arteries
%A Niazmand, Hamid
%A Rajabi Jaghargh, Ehsan
%J Annals of Biomedical Engineering
%@ 0090-6964
%D 2010