International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, ( ISI ), Volume (90), No (14), Year (2010-12) , Pages (1036-1047)

Title : ( Comparative study of direct immersion and headspace single drop microextraction techniques for BTEX determination in water samples using GC-FID )

Authors: Ali Sarafraz Yazdi , , Zarrin Eshaghi ,

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In the present work the determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and o-xylene (BTEX) in environmental sample solutions using gas chromatography with flame ionisation detection (GC-FID) combined with three different sampling techniques, such as; direct single drop microextraction (DI-SDME), headspace single drop microextraction (HS-SDME) and ultrasonic assisted HS-SDME, were compared. In all of these techniques, for the determination of BTEX, the experimental parameters such as organic solvent effect, extraction time, agitation speed and salting effect were optimised. At their optimised conditions of operation the detection limits, times of extraction and precision for the three techniques are established. A detailed comparison of the analytical performance characteristics of these techniques for final GC-FID determination of BTEX in water samples was given. The technique provided a linear range of 50–20000 ngmL–1 for DI-SDME and 10–20000 ngmL–1 for HS-SDME methods, good repeatability (RSDs 54.72–7.74% for DI-SDME and 1.80–7.05% for HS-SDME (n¼5), good linearity (r0.9978) and limits of detection (LODs) in the range of 0.006–10 ngmL1 for DI-SDME, 0.1–3 ngmL–1 for HS-SDME methods (S/N¼3). Then the optimised techniques were also applied to real samples (river and waste waters) containing BTEX and similar precision (RSD58.2, n¼3) was obtained

Keywords

, Keywords: single drop microextraction (SDME); headspace single drop microextraction (HS, SDME); BTEX; water analysis;
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@article{paperid:1017926,
author = {Sarafraz Yazdi, Ali and , and Zarrin Eshaghi},
title = {Comparative study of direct immersion and headspace single drop microextraction techniques for BTEX determination in water samples using GC-FID},
journal = {International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry},
year = {2010},
volume = {90},
number = {14},
month = {December},
issn = {0306-7319},
pages = {1036--1047},
numpages = {11},
keywords = {Keywords: single drop microextraction (SDME); headspace single drop microextraction (HS-SDME); BTEX; water analysis; GC-FID},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Comparative study of direct immersion and headspace single drop microextraction techniques for BTEX determination in water samples using GC-FID
%A Sarafraz Yazdi, Ali
%A ,
%A Zarrin Eshaghi
%J International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
%@ 0306-7319
%D 2010

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