Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, ( ISI ), Volume (159), No (4), Year (2009-1) , Pages (267-280)

Title : ( Investigation of wind erosion process for estimation, prevention, and control of DSS in Yazd–Ardakan plain )

Authors: M. R. Ekhtesasi , Adel Sepehr ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Wind erosion is a phenomenon that is reasonably common in regions where dry winds blow. For the most part, these regions correspond to the dry lands; areas where the soil, generally, is dry and shifting and lacks vegetation for most of the year. The winds are sufficiently strong to lift and move sands and soil particles. The repeated removal of superficial layers by the action of winds can modify the texture of the topsoil, by removing the fine particles and leaving the larger particles. Dust and sandstorm (DSS) is the generic term for a serious environmental phenomenon that involves strong winds that blow a large quantity of dust and fine sand particles away from the ground and carry them over a long distance with significant environmental impacts along the way. In the realm of DSS in Iran country, the people who live in Yazd and Sistan–Baluchestan provinces form a single ecological community due to their geographic proximity and climatic contiguity. The major sources of DSS in the region are believed to be the desert and semidesert areas of the Yazd–Ardakan plain in Yazd province. Both Sistan and Baluchestan are the recipients of this dust. To address the long-range transboundary environmental problem of DSS, a regional cooperation mechanism must be established among the provinces in the region. Yazd–Ardakan plain, with area of about 650,000 ha, is located in the center of Iran, between Yazd and Ardakan cities. The mean annual rainfall is less than 65 mm. Rainfall distribution is a simple modal and more than 70% of it occurs in winter. Plant density varies from 0% to 25%, and Artemisia sieberi is the dominant plant species. The major part of Yazd–Ardakan plain is bare land. According to the recent investigation, more than 20,000-m3 dust with less than 100-μm diameter falls down annually on Yazd city with an area of 7,000 ha. Horizontal visibility is reduced to less than 6 m in stormy days in some parts of Yazd–Ardakan plain. This phenomenon causes car accidents on the main roads of Yazd–Ardakan and can cancel the airplane flights in the stormy days. At present, it is estimated that wind erosion causes more than $6.8 million damages to socioeconomic resources in Yazd plain each year. This paper describes the pattern of occurrence of wind erosion and major contributing factors, summarizes measured rates of wind erosion, outlines the techniques used to mitigate wind erosion hazard, and suggests research priorities. Also, damages of DSS have been estimated and methods for prevention and control are suggested.

Keywords

, Wind erosion faces , Sand dunes , Dust storm , DSS , Yazd–Ardakan
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@article{paperid:1025635,
author = {M. R. Ekhtesasi and Sepehr, Adel},
title = {Investigation of wind erosion process for estimation, prevention, and control of DSS in Yazd–Ardakan plain},
journal = {Environmental Monitoring and Assessment},
year = {2009},
volume = {159},
number = {4},
month = {January},
issn = {0167-6369},
pages = {267--280},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {Wind erosion faces - Sand dunes - Dust storm - DSS - Yazd–Ardakan plain},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Investigation of wind erosion process for estimation, prevention, and control of DSS in Yazd–Ardakan plain
%A M. R. Ekhtesasi
%A Sepehr, Adel
%J Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
%@ 0167-6369
%D 2009

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