Journal of Seismology, ( ISI ), Volume (17), No (2), Year (2013-4) , Pages (297-312)

Title : ( Strong ground motion simulation of the 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake using the empirical Green’s function method )

Authors: Hossein Sadeghi , Hiroe Miyake , Ali Riahi ,

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The 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake caused catastrophic damage to the city of Bam and neighboring villages. Given its magnitude (M w ) of 6.5, the damage was remarkably large. Large-amplitude ground motions were recorded at the Bam accelerograph station in the center of Bam city by the Building and Housing Research Center (BHRC) of Iran. We simulated the Bam earthquake acceleration records at three BHRC strong-motion stations—Bam, Abaraq, and Mohammad-Abad—by the empirical Green’s function method. Three aftershocks were used as empirical Green’s functions. The frequency range of the empirical Green’s function simulations was 0.5–10 Hz. The size of the strong motion generation area of the mainshock was estimated to be 11 km in length by 7 km in width. To estimate the parameters of the strong motion generation area, we used 1D and 2D velocity structures across the fault and a combined source model. The empirical Green’s function method using a combination of aftershocks produced a source model that reproduced ground motions with the best fit to the observed waveforms. This may be attributed to the existence of two distinct rupture mechanisms in the strong motion generation area. We found that the rupture starting point for which the simulated waveforms best fit the observed ones was near the center of the strong motion generation area, which reproduced near-source ground motions in a broadband frequency range. The estimated strong motion generation area could explain the observed damaging ground motion at the Bam station. This suggests that estimating the source characteristics of the Bam earthquake is very important in understanding the causes of the earthquake damage.

Keywords

, Bam earthquake, Aftershocks, Strong ground motion, Empirical Green’s function
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@article{paperid:1033729,
author = {Sadeghi, Hossein and Hiroe Miyake and Riahi, Ali},
title = {Strong ground motion simulation of the 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake using the empirical Green’s function method},
journal = {Journal of Seismology},
year = {2013},
volume = {17},
number = {2},
month = {April},
issn = {1383-4649},
pages = {297--312},
numpages = {15},
keywords = {Bam earthquake; Aftershocks; Strong ground motion; Empirical Green’s function method},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Strong ground motion simulation of the 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake using the empirical Green’s function method
%A Sadeghi, Hossein
%A Hiroe Miyake
%A Riahi, Ali
%J Journal of Seismology
%@ 1383-4649
%D 2013

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