Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology, ( ISI ), Volume (16), No (6), Year (2014-11) , Pages (1205-1216)

Title : ( Age-specific functional response of Trichogramma brassicae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) parasitizing different egg densities of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) )

Authors: R. Nikbin , A. Sahragard , Mojtaba Hosseini ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

The parasitoid, Trichogramma brassicae Bezdenko is used for inundative releases in biological control programs against lepidopteran pests in agro-ecosystems. Age-specific functional responses of T. brassicae to different egg densities (5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60 and 80) of sterilized eggs of Ephestia kuehniella at 23±1°C, 60±5% RH and 16:8h (L:D photoperiod ) were studied. E. kuehniella densities were separately presented to a single mated female of T. brassicae (1 day old). The egg densities were replaced every day until the parasitoid died and each density was replicated 20 times. A type III functional response was obtained for the one day old females and a type II for two to nine day-old ones. Results show that parasitoid age influences searching efficiency and handling time. Searching efficiency (a´) varied as adult parasitoids aged. In contrast, handling time increased with age. The lowest and highest values were obtained in days 1 and 9 of the parasitoid\\\'s life, respectively. The maximum rate of parasitism (T/Th) decreased significantly with an increase in parasitoid age. It was concluded that T. brassicae females are most efficient at early ages of their life and may be capable of efficiently suppressing lepidopteran pest populations.

Keywords

, Age-specific parasitism, functional response, host density, Trichogramma
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@article{paperid:1040839,
author = {R. Nikbin and A. Sahragard and Hosseini, Mojtaba},
title = {Age-specific functional response of Trichogramma brassicae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) parasitizing different egg densities of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)},
journal = {Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology},
year = {2014},
volume = {16},
number = {6},
month = {November},
issn = {1680-7073},
pages = {1205--1216},
numpages = {11},
keywords = {Age-specific parasitism; functional response; host density; Trichogramma brassicae},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Age-specific functional response of Trichogramma brassicae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) parasitizing different egg densities of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
%A R. Nikbin
%A A. Sahragard
%A Hosseini, Mojtaba
%J Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology
%@ 1680-7073
%D 2014

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