Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, ( ISI ), Volume (16), No (1), Year (2014-3) , Pages (1-7)

Title : ( Effect of forage inclusion and particle size in diets of neonatal lambs on performance and rumen development )

Authors: محمد علی نوروزیان , Reza Valizadeh ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

A slaughter experiment was conducted to determine the effects of alfalfa particle size on rumen morphology and performance of lambs. Twenty-four Balouchi lambs aged 21 days (9.1  1.1 kg) were randomly fed control (diet without alfalfa hay; CON) and mixed rations containing 15% finely ground (FINE; 2 mm) and 15% coarsely chopped alfalfa hay (LONG; 3 to 4 cm). After a 63 days feeding period, nine animals (three per treatment) were slaughtered to obtain ruminal tissue samples for morphological analyses. Alfalfa particle size did not affect (p > 0.05) papillae density, height, width, epithelium depth and surface area. Coarse alfalfa decreased the stratum corneum and increased (p < 0.05) muscle depth compared with fine and control diets. Neither DNA content and nor RNA concentration of rumen tissue was affected by feeding different diets. Forage particle size did not affect the blood concentration of glucose, urea nitrogen (BUN), beta-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA) and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA). Dry matter intake and feed conversion ratio were higher for control diet; however, there were no significant differences between treatments for average daily gain. These data suggest that coarse alfalfa significantly reduces the stratum corneum and increases muscularity of rumen wall and tended to better feed conversion ratio.

Keywords

, rumen development, particle size, alfalfa, lamb,
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@article{paperid:1043957,
author = {محمد علی نوروزیان and Valizadeh, Reza},
title = {Effect of forage inclusion and particle size in diets of neonatal lambs on performance and rumen development},
journal = {Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition},
year = {2014},
volume = {16},
number = {1},
month = {March},
issn = {0931-2439},
pages = {1--7},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {rumen development; particle size; alfalfa; lamb; performance},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of forage inclusion and particle size in diets of neonatal lambs on performance and rumen development
%A محمد علی نوروزیان
%A Valizadeh, Reza
%J Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
%@ 0931-2439
%D 2014

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