Eurasian Soil Science, Volume (47), No (12), Year (2014-12) , Pages (1266-1273)

Title : ( Isolation and Identification of Ferric Reducing Bacteria and Evaluation of their Roles in Iron Availability in Two Calcareous Soils )

Authors: Nasrin Ghorbanzadeh , Amir Lakzian , Gholam Hosain Haghnia , Alireza Karimi Karouyeh ,

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Iron is an essential element for all organisms which plays a crucial role in important biochemical processes such as respiration and photosynthesis. Iron deficiency seems to be an important problem in many calcareous soils. Biological dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction increases iron availability through reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II). The aim of this study was to isolate, identify and evaluate some bacterial isolates for their abilities to reduce Fe(III) in two calcareous soils. Three bacterial isolates were selected and identified from paddy soils by using 16S rRNA amplification and then inoculated to sterilized and nonsterilized calcareous soils in the presence and absence of glucose. The results showed that all isolates belonged to Bacillus genus and were capable of reducing Fe(III) to Fe(II) in vitro condition. The amount of Fe(III) reduction in sterilized calcareous soils was significantly higher when inoculated with PS23 isolate and Shewanella putrefaciens (S. putrefaciens) (as positive control) compared to PS16 and PS11 isolates. No significant difference was observed between PS11 and PS16 isolates in the presence of indigenous microbial community. The results also revealed that glucose had a significant effect on Fe(III) reduction in the examined calcareous soil samples. The amount of Fe(III) reduction increased two old when soil samples were treated with glucose and inoculated by S. putrefaciens and PS23 in nonsterilized soils.

Keywords

, Bioreduction, Bacillus sp, Ferric iron, Paddy soils, Shewanella
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@article{paperid:1044876,
author = {Ghorbanzadeh, Nasrin and Lakzian, Amir and Haghnia, Gholam Hosain and Karimi Karouyeh, Alireza},
title = {Isolation and Identification of Ferric Reducing Bacteria and Evaluation of their Roles in Iron Availability in Two Calcareous Soils},
journal = {Eurasian Soil Science},
year = {2014},
volume = {47},
number = {12},
month = {December},
issn = {1064-2293},
pages = {1266--1273},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Bioreduction; Bacillus sp; Ferric iron; Paddy soils; Shewanella putrefaciens},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Isolation and Identification of Ferric Reducing Bacteria and Evaluation of their Roles in Iron Availability in Two Calcareous Soils
%A Ghorbanzadeh, Nasrin
%A Lakzian, Amir
%A Haghnia, Gholam Hosain
%A Karimi Karouyeh, Alireza
%J Eurasian Soil Science
%@ 1064-2293
%D 2014

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