Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, ( ISI ), Volume (47), No (13), Year (2013-8) , Pages (1603-1610)

Title : ( Effect of fungicidal essential oils against Botrytis cinerea and )

Authors: samane mohammadi , Hossein Arouiee , Mohammad Hossein Aminifard , Ali Tehranifar , vahid jahanbakhsh mashhadi ,

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The developmentof natural crop protection products as alternatives to the use of synthetic fungicides is currently popular. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antifungal effects of several essential oils against the fungal pathogens, Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifer, under in vitro condition. Four essential oils (fennel, black caraway, peppermint and thyme) were each tested at five concentrations (0, 200, 400, 600 or 800 μl l−1). In vitro results showed that the essential oil of black caraway and fennel had the highest fungicidal effect against B. cinerea and R. stolonifer, respectively. The growth of B. cinerea was completely inhibited by the essential oil of black caraway at 400 μl l−1. Fennel oil perfectly inhibited growth of R. stolonifer fungus colonies at concentration higher than 600 μl L−1 in potato dextrose agar medium. Percentage of spores germination was the lowest in medium of Fennel and black caraway essential oils, and was the highest in Thyme ones. These results show that plant essential oils can have a strong effect on reducing postharvest decay. These plant essential oils could provide an alternative to synthetic chemicals to control post-harvest phytopathogenic fungi on fruit

Keywords

plant essential oils; R. stolonifer; B. cinerea; black caraway;
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@article{paperid:1045529,
author = {Mohammadi, Samane and Arouiee, Hossein and Mohammad Hossein Aminifard and Tehranifar, Ali and Jahanbakhsh Mashhadi, Vahid},
title = {Effect of fungicidal essential oils against Botrytis cinerea and},
journal = {Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection},
year = {2013},
volume = {47},
number = {13},
month = {August},
issn = {0323-5408},
pages = {1603--1610},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {plant essential oils; R. stolonifer; B. cinerea; black caraway; fennel},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of fungicidal essential oils against Botrytis cinerea and
%A Mohammadi, Samane
%A Arouiee, Hossein
%A Mohammad Hossein Aminifard
%A Tehranifar, Ali
%A Jahanbakhsh Mashhadi, Vahid
%J Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection
%@ 0323-5408
%D 2013

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