Molecular Biology Research Communications, Volume (3), No (3), Year (2015-1) , Pages (43-55)

Title : ( Characterization of Iranian Nonaflatoxigenic Strains ofAspergillus flavus Based on Microsatellite-primed PCR )

Authors: Mahmoud Houshiarfard , Hamid Rouhani , Mahrokh Falahati Rastegar , Saeid Malekzadeh Shafaroudi , Esmat Mahdikhani Moghadam ,

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Out of fifty-two Iranian nonaflatoxigenic strains of Aspergillus flavus, collected from various substrates (soil and kernel) and sources (peanut, corn and pistachio), fifteen representatives were selected according to their different geographical origins (six provinces: Guilan and Golestan, Ardebil, Fars, Kerman and Semnan) and vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs, IR1 to IR15) for microsatellite-primed PCR analysis. Two inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers AFMPP and AFM13 were used to determine polymorphism and the relationship among strain isolates. A. flavus isolates were identified by their morphologies and their identities were confirmed by PCR amplification using the specific primer pair ITS1 and ITS4. The results revealed variations in the percentages of polymorphisms. In the ISSR analysis, primers AFMPP and AFM13 generated a total of 18 and 23 amplicons among the fungal strains, out of which 12 (66.7%) and 22 (95.7%) were polymorphic, respectively. Cluster analysis of the ISSR data was carried out using 1 D DNA gel image analysis. The two dendrograms obtained through these markers showed six different clusterings of testing nonaflatoxigenic A. flavus L strains, but we noticed that some clusters were different in some cases. The microsatellite-primed PCR data revealed that the Iranian nonaflatoxigenic isolates of A. flavus were not clustered according to their origins and sources. This study is the first to characterize Iranian nonaflatoxigenic isolates of A. flavus using ISSR markers.

Keywords

, Aflatoxin; Molecular marker; Inter, simple sequence repeat;
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@article{paperid:1046420,
author = {Houshiarfard, Mahmoud and Rouhani, Hamid and Falahati Rastegar, Mahrokh and Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Saeid and Mahdikhani Moghadam, Esmat},
title = {Characterization of Iranian Nonaflatoxigenic Strains ofAspergillus flavus Based on Microsatellite-primed PCR},
journal = {Molecular Biology Research Communications},
year = {2015},
volume = {3},
number = {3},
month = {January},
issn = {2322-181x},
pages = {43--55},
numpages = {12},
keywords = {Aflatoxin; Molecular marker; Inter-simple sequence repeat; Polymorphism},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Characterization of Iranian Nonaflatoxigenic Strains ofAspergillus flavus Based on Microsatellite-primed PCR
%A Houshiarfard, Mahmoud
%A Rouhani, Hamid
%A Falahati Rastegar, Mahrokh
%A Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Saeid
%A Mahdikhani Moghadam, Esmat
%J Molecular Biology Research Communications
%@ 2322-181x
%D 2015

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