International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences, Volume (4), No (3), Year (2015-3) , Pages (232-238)

Title : ( Salicylic Acid Alleviates the Copper Toxicity in Tagetes Erecta )

Authors: Maryam Afrousheh , Ali Tehranifar , Mahmoud Shoor , Vahid Reza Safari ,

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The aim of this study is to examine the effects of salicylic acid on the growth, eco-physiological and biochemical characteristics in Tagetes erecta plant exposed to copper stress. Effects of copper (Cu) on biomass, root length and shoot height and Cu uptake are also discussed. This experiment was arranged as a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with four replications under greenhouse conditions. The experimental treatment consisted of four levels of Cu (0, 100, 200, and 400 mg kg-1 in potted soil) and three levels of salicylic acid (0, 1, 2mM) as foliar spray or chelate into soil. Results showed that with increasing levels of copper, reductions in shoot and root growth, leaf area and leaves number were statistically significant at 1 percent level. Analysis of some biochemical indices (chlorophyll content) and eco-physiological indices such as primary florescence chlorophyll (Fo), ratio of variable chlorophyll to maximum (Fv/Fm) in treated plants were statistically significant at one percent level. Biomass, leaf area and leaf number and root and shoot elongation decreased with increasing of Cu. Plants took more Cu up with increasing Cu in the copper containment soil. The results showed that copper accumulation was higher in the roots than shoots. The Fluorescence measurements showed that primary florescence chlorophyll (Fo) was increased but Fm was decreased progressively with increasing Cu. Salicylic acid significantly increased root and shoot growth, chlorophyll in copper stressed plants. In addition SA reduced the primary florescence chlorophyll. Salicylic acid treatments as chelate in concentration of 2mM also increased level of tolerance toward high Cu concentrations as indicated by chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. The results support the conclusion that SA alleviates Cu toxicity.

Keywords

, Copper, Salicylic acid, Toxicity, Tagetes
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@article{paperid:1047579,
author = {Afrousheh, Maryam and Tehranifar, Ali and Shoor, Mahmoud and Vahid Reza Safari},
title = {Salicylic Acid Alleviates the Copper Toxicity in Tagetes Erecta},
journal = {International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences},
year = {2015},
volume = {4},
number = {3},
month = {March},
issn = {2322-4134},
pages = {232--238},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Copper; Salicylic acid; Toxicity; Tagetes erecta},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Salicylic Acid Alleviates the Copper Toxicity in Tagetes Erecta
%A Afrousheh, Maryam
%A Tehranifar, Ali
%A Shoor, Mahmoud
%A Vahid Reza Safari
%J International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences
%@ 2322-4134
%D 2015

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