Korean Journal of Parasitology, ( ISI ), Volume (54), No (1), Year (2016-2) , Pages (15-20)

Title : ( Isolation and Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii Strains in Ovine Aborted Fetuses in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran )

Authors: Leila Danehchin , Gholam Reza Razmi , Abolghasem Naghibi ,

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Abstract

Abstract: Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic disease that can cause abortion in humans and animals. The aim of this study was isolation and subsequent genotyping of Toxolasma gondii isolates in ovine aborted fetuses. During 2012-2013, 39 ovine aborted fetuses were collected from sheep flocks in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran. The brain samples were screened for detection of the parasite DNA by nested PCR. The positive brain samples were bioassayed in Webster Swiss mice. The serum samples of mice were examined for T. gondii antibodies by IFAT at 6 weeks post inoculation, and T. gondii cysts were searched in brain tissue samples of seropositive mice. The positive samples were genotyped by using a PCR-RLFP method. Subsequently, GRA6 sequences of isolates were analyzed using a phylogenetic method. The results revealed that T. gondii DNA was detected in 54% (20/37, 95% CI 38.4-69.0%) brain samples of ovine aborted fetuses. In bioassay of mice, only 2 samples were virulent and the mice were killed at 30 days post inoculation, while the others were non-virulent to mice. The size of cysts ranged 7-22 μm. Complete genotyping data for GRA6 locus were observed in 5 of the 20 samples. PCR-RLFP results and phylogenetic analysis revealed that all of the isolated samples were closely related to type I. For the first time, we could genotype and report T. gondii isolates from ovine aborted fetuses in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran. The results indicate that the T. gondii isolates are genetically related to type I, although most of them were non-virulent for mice.

Keywords

, Toxoplasma, PCR-RFLP, aborted fetus, genotyping, sheep, Iran
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@article{paperid:1055275,
author = {Danehchin, Leila and Razmi, Gholam Reza and Naghibi, Abolghasem},
title = {Isolation and Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii Strains in Ovine Aborted Fetuses in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran},
journal = {Korean Journal of Parasitology},
year = {2016},
volume = {54},
number = {1},
month = {February},
issn = {0023-4001},
pages = {15--20},
numpages = {5},
keywords = {Toxoplasma; PCR-RFLP; aborted fetus; genotyping; sheep; Iran},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Isolation and Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii Strains in Ovine Aborted Fetuses in Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran
%A Danehchin, Leila
%A Razmi, Gholam Reza
%A Naghibi, Abolghasem
%J Korean Journal of Parasitology
%@ 0023-4001
%D 2016

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