1st Congress of Infection and Immunity , 2016-09-28

Title : ( Phenotypic and genotypic aminoglycoside resistance patterns of Escherichia coli strains isolated from Bovine Mastitis )

Authors: Babak KHoramian Tousi , Fatemeh Fazel , Abdollah Jamshidi ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract

Mastitis caused by E.coli is the most common cause of toxic mastitis causes a high incidence of cow death or culling of cows. Resistance phenotypes arise from many different genetic determinants and each determinant may present specific epidemiological features. Therefore, in the present study phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance determined for better controlling of E. coli mastitis. A total of 57 E. coli collected in 15dairy farms belonging to three different province of Iran (Tehran, Khorasan razavi and Kohgiluyeh). The sensitivity testing of clinical isolates was performed by disc diffusion on Muller-Hinton agar. Template DNA for PCR was extracted from all bacterial cultures by the boiling method. To further characterize the resistance mechanisms associated with aminoglycoside resistance genes encoding for the aminoglycoside adenyltransferase (aadA) and streptomycin phosphotransferases (strA and strB) was determined. Antibacterial resistance rates for streptomycin,gentamicin and neomycin were 57.9%, 8.7% and 33.3%, respectively. The most prevalent gene was aadA found in 49.1% of the isolates. Although resistance to gentamicin and neomycin in E. coli isolated from bovine mastitis is low but high genotypic resistance showed that increasing resistance is expected in the future.

Keywords

, aminoglycoside resistance patterns, Escherichia coli, mastitis
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@inproceedings{paperid:1058872,
author = {KHoramian Tousi, Babak and Fazel, Fatemeh and Jamshidi, Abdollah},
title = {Phenotypic and genotypic aminoglycoside resistance patterns of Escherichia coli strains isolated from Bovine Mastitis},
booktitle = {1st Congress of Infection and Immunity},
year = {2016},
location = {َشیراز, IRAN},
keywords = {aminoglycoside resistance patterns; Escherichia coli; mastitis},
}

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%0 Conference Proceedings
%T Phenotypic and genotypic aminoglycoside resistance patterns of Escherichia coli strains isolated from Bovine Mastitis
%A KHoramian Tousi, Babak
%A Fazel, Fatemeh
%A Jamshidi, Abdollah
%J 1st Congress of Infection and Immunity
%D 2016

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