Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, Volume (43), No (10), Year (2017-5) , Pages (1619-1625)

Title : ( Preparation, characterization and in vitro evaluation of microemulsion of raloxifene hydrochloride )

Authors: Shiva Golmohammadzadeh , Nafishe Farhadian , Amir Biriaee Najafabadi , faranak dehghani , Bahman Khameneh ,

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Raloxifene hydrochloride (RLX) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator which is orally used for treatment of osteoporosis and prevention of breast cancer. The drug has low aqueous solubility and bioavailability. The aim of the present study is to formulate and characterize oil-in-water microemulsion systems for oral delivery of RLX. To enhance the drug aqueous solubility, microemulsion based on sesame oil was prepared. Sesame oil and Tween 80 were selected as the drug solvent oil and surfactant, respectively. In the first and second formulations, Edible glycerin and Span 80 were applied as co-surfactant, respectively. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams showed that the best surfactant/co-surfactant ratios in the first and second formulations were 4:1 and 9:1, respectively. The particle size of all free drug-loaded and drug loaded samples were in the range of 31.25 ± 0.3nm and 60.9 ± 0.1 nm, respectively. Electrical conductivity coefficient and refractive index of all microemulsion samples confirmed the formation of oil-in-water type of microemulsion. In vitro drug release profile showed that after 24 hours, 46% and 63% of the drug released through the first formulation in 0.1% (w/v) Tween 80 in distilled water as a release medium and phosphate buffer solution (PBS) at pH¼5.5, respectively. These values were changed to 57% and 98% for the second formulation. Results confirmed that the proposed microemulsion system containing RLX could improve and control the drug release profile in comparison to conventional dosage form.


, Microemulsion, Raloxifene hydrochloride, herbal oil, osteoporosis, control release
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author = {Shiva Golmohammadzadeh and Farhadian, Nafishe and Biriaee Najafabadi, Amir and Dehghani, Faranak and Bahman Khameneh},
title = {Preparation, characterization and in vitro evaluation of microemulsion of raloxifene hydrochloride},
journal = {Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy},
year = {2017},
volume = {43},
number = {10},
month = {May},
issn = {0363-9045},
pages = {1619--1625},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Microemulsion; Raloxifene hydrochloride; herbal oil; osteoporosis; control release},


%0 Journal Article
%T Preparation, characterization and in vitro evaluation of microemulsion of raloxifene hydrochloride
%A Shiva Golmohammadzadeh
%A Farhadian, Nafishe
%A Biriaee Najafabadi, Amir
%A Dehghani, Faranak
%A Bahman Khameneh
%J Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
%@ 0363-9045
%D 2017