Journal of Animal Science and Technology, Volume (59), No (10), Year (2017-5) , Pages (1-11)

Title : ( Effects of phosalone consumption via feeding with or without sodium bentonite on performance, blood metabolites and its transition to milk of Iranian Baluchi sheep )

Authors: Mohsen Kazemi , Ameneh Eskandary Torbaghan , Abdol Mansour Tahmasbi , Abbas Ali Naserian , Reza Valizadeh ,

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Background: Transfer of pesticides from environment to animal products is inevitable, so the purpose of the present work was to evaluate phosalone consumption via feeding with or without sodium bentonite (SB) on performance, blood metabolites and its transition to milk of Iranian Baluchi sheep. Methods: Twenty Baluchi ewes were divided into four treatments (P1 as control, P2, P3, and P4) of five animals in which phosalone, an organophosphate pesticide, was given via diet (only for P2 and P3) at a dose of 280 mg/sheep/day for 63 consecutive days. The SB (32 g/sheep/day; for P3 and P4) was also evaluated for its ability to reduce deleterious effects of phosalone in the sheep diets. The control group (P1) did not receive any phosalone and SB during the experiment. Sampling was conducted in two periods of time including weeks 5 and 9. Results: Phosalone residues were observed in the milk samples of P2 and P3 groups during two sampling periods. During period 1, the transfer rate of phosalone from feed to milk was 0.23 and 0.02%, respectively for the contaminated diets (P2 and P3), which is relatively similar to period 2 (0.22 and 0.02%). Only 0.34 (period 1) and 0. 36% (period 2) of phosalone residue are excreted in the feces of P2 group following its daily consumption. Transfer of phosalone from feed to milk was affected (P < 0.05) by the dietary inclusion of a commercial SB, as it (SB)decreased excretion of phosalone via milk (P3). The phosalone and SB alone or together had no significant effect(P> 0.05) on the dry matter intake (DMI) and body weight (BW) gain, but feed efficiency, milk production, milk fat,dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) digestibility, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity, hemoglobin (Hb), red blood cell (RBC), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), albumin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) affected by the treatments in period 1 or 2 (P< 0.05). The Hb, RBC, and MCHC were significantly decreased (P< 0.05) by about 9.72, 20.77, and 9.71%, respectively in the group P2 as compared to those of the control group during period 1. The AChE inhibitory activity (period 1 and 2) significantly increased when phosalone administered via the diet ( P< 0.05). Conclusions: Although there were no adverse effects on the performance of sheep following the intake of phosalone alone (P2 vs. P1), but other research on the long and short times to the phosalone in high and low doses with more animals is suggested. Overall, compared to the control group, addition of SB in the diet of sheep improved nutrient digestibility, animal performance, and milk health.

Keywords

, Sodium bentonite, Phosalone, Iranian Baluchi sheep, Milk,
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@article{paperid:1062928,
author = {Mohsen Kazemi and Ameneh Eskandary Torbaghan and Tahmasbi, Abdol Mansour and Naserian, Abbas Ali and Valizadeh, Reza},
title = {Effects of phosalone consumption via feeding with or without sodium bentonite on performance, blood metabolites and its transition to milk of Iranian Baluchi sheep},
journal = {Journal of Animal Science and Technology},
year = {2017},
volume = {59},
number = {10},
month = {May},
issn = {1598-9429},
pages = {1--11},
numpages = {10},
keywords = {Sodium bentonite; Phosalone; Iranian Baluchi sheep; Milk; Performance},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effects of phosalone consumption via feeding with or without sodium bentonite on performance, blood metabolites and its transition to milk of Iranian Baluchi sheep
%A Mohsen Kazemi
%A Ameneh Eskandary Torbaghan
%A Tahmasbi, Abdol Mansour
%A Naserian, Abbas Ali
%A Valizadeh, Reza
%J Journal of Animal Science and Technology
%@ 1598-9429
%D 2017

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