Research in Veterinary Science, ( ISI ), Volume (114), No (1), Year (2017-7) , Pages (308-312)

Title : ( In Vitro And In Vivo Antihydatid Activity Of A Nano Emulsion Of Zataria Multiflora Essential Oil )

Authors: M.d Moazeni , Hassan Borji , M.Saboor Darbandi , M. J. Saharkhiz ,

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Abstract

In in vitro process of this study, protoscoleces of the hydatid cysts were exposed to two concentrations of nano emulsion (NE) of Zataria multiflora essential oil (ZMEO) (1 and 2mg/mL) for 10 and 20 min. Viability of protoscoleces was confirmed using 0.1% eosin staining. For in vivo studies, sixteen laboratory mice were infected intraperitoneally by 1500 live protoscoleces. Five months after infection, the infected mice were divided into treatment and control groups. The mice of treatment group received the NE of ZMEO (20 mg/kg) orally via their drinking water while the mice of control group received no treatment. Two months after the start of treatment, all of the mice were necropsied and the hydatid cysts were collected. Subsequently, the numbers, sizes and weights of the collected cysts were compared between the mice of two groups. The results of in vitro scolicidal assays showed that the scolicidal power of NE of a ZMEO at concentration of 1 mg/mL was 88.01%, and 100% after 10 and 20 min respectively. NE of ZMEO showed 100% scolicidal power at a concentration of 2 mg/mL after 10 min (comparing to 4.46% for the control group). The results of in vivo studies revealed that the size of the largest cysts as well as the total number of the cysts were significantly lower in the mice treated with NE of ZMEO (P < 0.05). In conclusion, NE of ZMEO may be considered as a natural scolicidal agent and a potential therapeutic tool for treatment of hydatid disease.

Keywords

In vitro In vivo Cystic echinococcosis Nano emulsion Zataria multiflora Essential oil
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@article{paperid:1063318,
author = {M.d Moazeni and Borji, Hassan and M.Saboor Darbandi and M. J. Saharkhiz},
title = {In Vitro And In Vivo Antihydatid Activity Of A Nano Emulsion Of Zataria Multiflora Essential Oil},
journal = {Research in Veterinary Science},
year = {2017},
volume = {114},
number = {1},
month = {July},
issn = {0034-5288},
pages = {308--312},
numpages = {4},
keywords = {In vitro In vivo Cystic echinococcosis Nano emulsion Zataria multiflora Essential oil},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T In Vitro And In Vivo Antihydatid Activity Of A Nano Emulsion Of Zataria Multiflora Essential Oil
%A M.d Moazeni
%A Borji, Hassan
%A M.Saboor Darbandi
%A M. J. Saharkhiz
%J Research in Veterinary Science
%@ 0034-5288
%D 2017

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