Vacuum, ( ISI ), Volume (20), No (146), Year (2017-10) , Pages (297-303)

Title : ( Thermal stability of nanocrystalline surface layer of AISI 321 stainless steel )

Authors: Sadegh PourAli , Ali Reza Kiani Rashid , Abolfazl Babakhani , S. Virtanen ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract

A nanocrystalline layer with an average grain size of 75 nm was formed on the top surface layer of 321 stainless steel (321SS) alloy via severe shot peening (SSP). Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GI-XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were applied to characterize the grain size changes, phase compositions and microstructure evolution after vacuum annealing at temperatures ranging from 200 C to 1000 C. The results revealed that nanograins slowly grow toz411 nm as the temperature increases to 600 C. Dislocation annihilation is shown to be responsible for the changes in grain size up to 600 C. However, an abnormal grain growth is observed at annealing temperatures of 800 C and 1000 C in which grains grow to z1267 nm and z2012 nm, respectively. This abnormal grain growth is attributed to the synergistic effect of dislocation annihilation in grain boundaries and triple points, re-arrangement of dislocations, and formation of middle angle (13e17) grain boundaries. Transformation of stress induced martensite (a0) to austenite (g) and microhardness evolution in the nanocrystalline top surface layer during annealing are also discussed.

Keywords

, Nanocrystalline, Vacuum annealing, Thermal stability, TEM, Grain growth, Dislocation annihilation
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@article{paperid:1064857,
author = {PourAli, Sadegh and Kiani Rashid, Ali Reza and Babakhani, Abolfazl and S. Virtanen},
title = {Thermal stability of nanocrystalline surface layer of AISI 321 stainless steel},
journal = {Vacuum},
year = {2017},
volume = {20},
number = {146},
month = {October},
issn = {0042-207x},
pages = {297--303},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Nanocrystalline; Vacuum annealing; Thermal stability; TEM; Grain growth; Dislocation annihilation},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Thermal stability of nanocrystalline surface layer of AISI 321 stainless steel
%A PourAli, Sadegh
%A Kiani Rashid, Ali Reza
%A Babakhani, Abolfazl
%A S. Virtanen
%J Vacuum
%@ 0042-207x
%D 2017

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