Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, ( ISI ), Volume (19), No (3), Year (2017-3) , Pages (1-8)

Title : ( The Effectiveness of Dramatic Puppet and Therapeutic Play in Anxiety Reduction in Children Undergoing Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial )

Authors: Z. Dehghan , T. Reyhani , V. Mohammadpour , S. Z. Aemmi , R.Shojaeian , Seyyed Mohsen Asgari Nekah ,

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Abstract

Background: Surgery as a stressful experience can affect the child and quality of care plan. Nurses can use non-pharmacological intervention to reduce anxiety and help children cope with this stress. Objectives: This study was designed to compare the effects of dramatic puppet and therapeutic play on anxiety of children undergoing surgery. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 75 children were divided into three groups (dramatic puppet, therapeutic play, and control) using a simple random allocation method. The study was conducted in Iran in 2013 - 2014. The revised children’s manifest anxiety scale (RCMAS) was used to determine the anxiety of children. The data were analyzed using paired t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Tukey test. Results: The findings revealed that the changes of anxiety scores after the intervention were significantly different among the three groups (P < 0.001), so that the anxiety scores decreased in both the intervention groups (puppet and play) and increased in the control group. Conclusions: Therapeutic play and dramatic puppet can be used by nurses as a care strategy and effective preoperative preparation intervention to reduce anxiety in children undergoing surgery.

Keywords

Anxiety; Surgery; Children; Nursing; Play Therapy
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@article{paperid:1066553,
author = {Z. Dehghan and T. Reyhani and V. Mohammadpour and S. Z. Aemmi and R.Shojaeian and Asgari Nekah, Seyyed Mohsen},
title = {The Effectiveness of Dramatic Puppet and Therapeutic Play in Anxiety Reduction in Children Undergoing Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial},
journal = {Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal},
year = {2017},
volume = {19},
number = {3},
month = {March},
issn = {2074-1804},
pages = {1--8},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Anxiety; Surgery; Children; Nursing; Play Therapy},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T The Effectiveness of Dramatic Puppet and Therapeutic Play in Anxiety Reduction in Children Undergoing Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial
%A Z. Dehghan
%A T. Reyhani
%A V. Mohammadpour
%A S. Z. Aemmi
%A R.Shojaeian
%A Asgari Nekah, Seyyed Mohsen
%J Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
%@ 2074-1804
%D 2017

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