PLOS One, ( ISI ), Volume (13), No (3), Year (2018-3) , Pages (1-16)

Title : ( Bacterial ghost of avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) serotype O78:K80 as a homologous vaccine against avian colibacillosis )

Authors: , Mohammad Reza Bassami , Mehrdad Mohri , Mehrnaz Rad , M. Khan ,

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Abstract

Avian Colibacillosis is among the major causes of economic loss in the poultry industry worldwide, with a more vivid impact on developing countries. The involvement of several bacteria has made it challenging to develop effective vaccines for this disease, particularly because it is notoriously difficult to make a vaccine that contains all the contributing pathogenic bacteria. Here, we report the design and fabrication of a bacterial ghost (BG) of E. coli O78:K80, which is among the major bacterial serotypes responsible for this disease. The generated ghost is then exploited as a homologous vaccine against Avian Colibacillosis. We demonstrate that hole formation in the cell wall of E. coli O78:K80 can happen properly in optical densities as high as 0.8 compared to the 0.3–0.4 standard for bacteria like E. coli TOP10. This is especially advantageous for mass production of this ghost which is a vital factor in development of any BG-based vaccine. Compared to E. coli TOP10, we faced a great challenge in transforming the wild type bacteria with the E-lysis plasmid which was probably due to higher thickness of the cell wall in O78:K80. This, however, was addressed by treating the cell wall with a different combination of ions.The vaccine was administered to Ross 308 broiler chickens via injection as well as through their respiratory system at a dose of 1010 BGs, repeated 3 times at weekly intervals. Chickens were then challenged with the wild type O78:K80 at a dose of 1011 bacteria together with Infectious Bronchitis H120 vaccine (as immunosuppressant) one week after the last immunization. Air sac lesions were significantly reduced in BG vaccinated groups in comparison with the control group. The levels of IFNγ, IgA and IgY were measured in the serum of immunized chickens as an indication of immune response and were compared with those of the chickens vaccinated with killed bacteria. The results show that O78:K80 BG can be used as an efficient homologous vaccine against Colibacillosis disease in poultry. We expect our findings can serve as the starting point for designing more sophisticated vaccines that contain all three major pathogenic bacteria involved in avian Colibacillosis.

Keywords

, Bacterial ghost, E. coli O78:K80, vaccine, avian colibacillosis
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@article{paperid:1067879,
author = {, and Bassami, Mohammad Reza and Mohri, Mehrdad and Rad, Mehrnaz and },
title = {Bacterial ghost of avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) serotype O78:K80 as a homologous vaccine against avian colibacillosis},
journal = {PLOS One},
year = {2018},
volume = {13},
number = {3},
month = {March},
issn = {1932-6203},
pages = {1--16},
numpages = {15},
keywords = {Bacterial ghost; E. coli O78:K80; vaccine; avian colibacillosis},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Bacterial ghost of avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) serotype O78:K80 as a homologous vaccine against avian colibacillosis
%A ,
%A Bassami, Mohammad Reza
%A Mohri, Mehrdad
%A Rad, Mehrnaz
%A
%J PLOS One
%@ 1932-6203
%D 2018

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