Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume (61), No (7), Year (2018-7) , Pages (61-66)

Title : ( Risk assessment of exposure to aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A through consumption of different Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) cultivars collected from four geographical regions of Iran )

Authors: Seyedeh Faezeh Taghizadeh , R. Rezaee , Gholam Hossein Davarynejad , J. Asili , Seyyed Hossein Nemati , M. Goumenoud , I. Tsakiris , A. M. Tsatsakis , K. Shirani , Gh.R. Karimi ,

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Abstract

Iran is one of the main suppliers of pistachio for the European market accounting for over 90% of its demands; hence, efficient analytical methods are required for detection of mycotoxins contamination in pistachio kernels before exporting them. In this study, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) levels in five pistachio cultivars collected from four sites of Iran, were measured by HPLC. Based on the results, risk assessment for AFB1 and OTA residues was done. The highest mean concentrations of AFB1 and OTA were found in Ahmad-aghaei (4.33 and 2.19 ng/g, respectively) and Akbari (4.08 and 1.943 ng/g, respectively) cultivars from Rafsanjan, Iran. Even the highest concentrations of AFB1 and OTA in analyzed samples were lower than the corresponding maximum limits set by EU authorities. The hazard index (HI) value for consumers of Iranian pistachio is below one. It could be concluded that consumption of pistachio cultivated in these regions poses no health risk of mycotoxins exposure.

Keywords

Aflatoxin B1 Ochratoxin A Pistacia vera Pistachio safety Risk assessment
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@article{paperid:1069182,
author = {Taghizadeh, Seyedeh Faezeh and R. Rezaee and Davarynejad, Gholam Hossein and J. Asili and Nemati, Seyyed Hossein and M. Goumenoud and I. Tsakiris and A. M. Tsatsakis and K. Shirani and Gh.R. Karimi},
title = {Risk assessment of exposure to aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A through consumption of different Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) cultivars collected from four geographical regions of Iran},
journal = {Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology},
year = {2018},
volume = {61},
number = {7},
month = {July},
issn = {1382-6689},
pages = {61--66},
numpages = {5},
keywords = {Aflatoxin B1 Ochratoxin A Pistacia vera Pistachio safety Risk assessment},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Risk assessment of exposure to aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A through consumption of different Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) cultivars collected from four geographical regions of Iran
%A Taghizadeh, Seyedeh Faezeh
%A R. Rezaee
%A Davarynejad, Gholam Hossein
%A J. Asili
%A Nemati, Seyyed Hossein
%A M. Goumenoud
%A I. Tsakiris
%A A. M. Tsatsakis
%A K. Shirani
%A Gh.R. Karimi
%J Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
%@ 1382-6689
%D 2018

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