American Research Journal of Civil And Structural Engineering, Volume (3), No (1), Year (2019-6) , Pages (1-10)

Title : ( Numerical Analysis of Hydraulic Flow Characteristics in Prismatic Compound Channels Using Flow3D Software )

Authors: zahra Askari , Saeed Reza Khodashenas , Kazem Esmaili , Mohsen Golian , Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari , Vijay P. Singh , Nicolas R. Dalezios ,

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Abstract

Compound channels are hydraulic sections that consist of two parts including the main channel and the floodplain. The main channel conveys the usual runoffs and the basic discharge that often flows in the river. Predicting the flow characteristics in the prismatic compound channels includes the effect of the interaction between a fast flow in the main channel and a slower one in the floodplains. This speed difference creates a shear layer at the interface between the main channel and the floodplain, which results in the exchange of the size of the movement between the main channel and the floodplains. The result is a reduction in the flow-conveyance capacity of the main channel and its increase in the floodplains, which should be considered in flow modeling. On the other hand, Flow3D software is a great software for Computational Fluid Dynamics that is used to solve complex geometry problems. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the Flow3D model in numerical simulation of behavior of hydraulic flow characteristics such as velocity distribution, shear stress distribution and in prismatic compound channels. In this study, Volume of Fluid Method (VOF) was used to simulate water surface profiles and the dimensional Buckingham π theorem was used to extract parameters without effective dimension; besides, the model’s precision was tested by an experimental analysis in a rectangular flume. The results showed that the Flow3D numerical model has high accuracy in computing the flow passing the prismatic compound channel and has been able to model the hydraulic parameters of the flow and provide appropriate results.

Keywords

, Prismatic Compound Channel, Floodplain, Numerical Modeling, Flow3D.
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@article{paperid:1074955,
author = {Askari, Zahra and Khodashenas, Saeed Reza and Esmaili, Kazem and Mohsen Golian and Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari and Vijay P. Singh and Nicolas R. Dalezios},
title = {Numerical Analysis of Hydraulic Flow Characteristics in Prismatic Compound Channels Using Flow3D Software},
journal = {American Research Journal of Civil And Structural Engineering},
year = {2019},
volume = {3},
number = {1},
month = {June},
issn = {2577-5944},
pages = {1--10},
numpages = {9},
keywords = {Prismatic Compound Channel; Floodplain; Numerical Modeling; Flow3D.},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Numerical Analysis of Hydraulic Flow Characteristics in Prismatic Compound Channels Using Flow3D Software
%A Askari, Zahra
%A Khodashenas, Saeed Reza
%A Esmaili, Kazem
%A Mohsen Golian
%A Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
%A Vijay P. Singh
%A Nicolas R. Dalezios
%J American Research Journal of Civil And Structural Engineering
%@ 2577-5944
%D 2019

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