Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, Volume (Volume 15), Year (2019-11) , Pages (3089-3102)

Title : ( Is visuomotor training an effective intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders? )

Authors: manizheh arabi , Alireza Saberi Kakhki , Mehdi Sohrabi , Sakineh Soltani Kouhbanani , Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi ,

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Purpose: Investigation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is somewhat dependent on addressing main core features of ASD. But it is not clear which kind of investigation can effect on more difficulties features. So, this study examines the effect of the visuomotor, motor, and computer-based training programs on social behavior, motor skills, and repetitive behaviors of children with ASD. Patients and methods: Sixty children with ASD aged 6–12 years were recruited and assigned to one of the three experimental groups and the control group (each group n=15). Training was provided in 30 sessions, scheduled 3 times a week. Social behavior and repetitive behaviors were determined objectively using the observation method, and motor skills were evaluated by the Test of Gross Motor Development-2. Results: Our results suggested that children in the visuomotor group showed a significant reduction in the repetitive behaviors and an increase in gross motor skill scores in the posttest and follow-up. Also, the results exhibited that motor training group significantly improved in social behavior either in the post-test or follow-up. Although the post-test illustrated a considerable improvement of gross motor skills, this difference was not significant in follow-up. Similarly, no significant change was observed in visual training and control groups in relation to study variables. Conclusion: Given the improvement of repetitive behaviors and gross motor skills in posttest and follow-up, it seems that this investigation had a positive effect with a good retention effect on two core features of children with ASD. But according to group-based training protocol in motor training group and improvement in social communication, and mutual effect on gross motor skills, it seems that group-based practice can also be used to achieve the benefits of social communication in the investigations.


, autism disorder, social behavior, repetitive behaviors, gross motor skills
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author = {Arabi, Manizheh and Saberi Kakhki, Alireza and Sohrabi, Mehdi and Soltani Kouhbanani, Sakineh and Jabbari Nooghabi, Mehdi},
title = {Is visuomotor training an effective intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders?},
journal = {Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment},
year = {2019},
volume = {Volume 15},
month = {November},
issn = {1178-2021},
pages = {3089--3102},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {autism disorder; social behavior; repetitive behaviors; gross motor skills},


%0 Journal Article
%T Is visuomotor training an effective intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders?
%A Arabi, Manizheh
%A Saberi Kakhki, Alireza
%A Sohrabi, Mehdi
%A Soltani Kouhbanani, Sakineh
%A Jabbari Nooghabi, Mehdi
%J Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
%@ 1178-2021
%D 2019