Theoretical and Applied Climatology, ( ISI ), Volume (143), Year (2021-1) , Pages (1599-1613)

Title : ( Application of machine learning for solar radiation modeling )

Authors: Morteza Taki , Abbas Rohani , Hasan Yildizhan ,

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Solar radiation is an important parameter that affects the atmosphere-earth thermal balance and many water and soil processes such as evapotranspiration and plant growth. The modeling of the daily and monthly solar radiation by Gaussian process regression (GPR) with K-fold cross-validation model has been discussed recently. This study evaluated different neural models such as artificial neural network (ANN), support vector machine (SVM), adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), and multiple linear regression (MLR) for estimating the global solar radiation (daily and monthly) with K-fold cross-validation method. For the appropriate comparison of the models, the randomized complete block (RCB) design applied in the training and test phases. Also, different data sets were evaluated by K-fold cross-validation in each model. The results showed that radial basis function (RBF) model has the lowest error for estimating the monthly and daily solar radiation. In this study, the result of RBF was compared with the GPR models. The conclusion indicated that RBF methodology can predict solar radiation with higher accuracy relative to the GPR model. The results of yearly solar radiation estimation (2009–2014) showed that the RBF model can estimate solar radiation with the MAPE and RMSE of 5.1% and 0.29, respectively. Also, the coefficient of correlation (R2) between actual and estimated values throughout the year is 98% and can be used by the engineers and other researchers for solar and thermal applications.


Global solar radiation; Modeling; Support vector machine; Radial bias function
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author = {Morteza Taki and Rohani, Abbas and Hasan Yildizhan},
title = {Application of machine learning for solar radiation modeling},
journal = {Theoretical and Applied Climatology},
year = {2021},
volume = {143},
month = {January},
issn = {0177-798X},
pages = {1599--1613},
numpages = {14},
keywords = {Global solar radiation; Modeling; Support vector machine; Radial bias function},


%0 Journal Article
%T Application of machine learning for solar radiation modeling
%A Morteza Taki
%A Rohani, Abbas
%A Hasan Yildizhan
%J Theoretical and Applied Climatology
%@ 0177-798X
%D 2021