Marine and Petroleum Geology, Volume (128), Year (2021-6) , Pages (105016-105042)

Title : ( Paleo-facies distribution and sequence stratigraphic architecture of the Oligo-Miocene Asmari carbonate platform (southeast Dezful Embayment, Zagros Basin, SW Iran) )

Authors: Yaser Noorian , Sayyed Reza Moussavi Harami , John J.G. Reijmerb , Asadollah Mahboubi , Ali Kadkhodaie , Armin Omidpour ,

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A facies and sequence stratigraphic analysis was made of the Oligo-Miocene Asmari carbonate platform situated in the east and southeast of the Dezful Embayment (Zagros Basin, SW Iran). This study provides new paleofacies and depositional sequence distribution models for the eastern part of the Dezful Embayment and discusses the impact of the factors controlling sediment deposition being eustatic sea-level changes and tectonic processes. The petrographic study reveals that the variations in facies cover three depositional settings, e.g. open marine, lagoon and tidal flats. In total, six depositional sequences (DS) were identified within the sedimentary sequence of the Asmari Formation. DS1 and DS2 were deposited during the Rupelian (Oligocene) within deeper open marine platform settings. Sediments forming DS3 and DS4 were deposited during the Chattian in a carbonate platform environment within an open lagoon to protected lagoon setting. The Miocene DS5 and 6 sequences, Aquitanian and Burdigalian in age, were deposited in shallower environments compared to other DS’s, within protected lagoon to tidal flat settings. A comparison with the sedimentary development in other parts of the Dezful Embayment showed that the deposition of the Asmari strata started earlier (Early Rupelian) in the eastern, south-eastern and north-eastern part of the basin. In the western and central parts of the Dezful Embayment it began in the Late Rupelian or even Rupelian/Chattian. The eastern and south-eastern parts of the Dezful Embayment displayed a platform margin setting during the Rupelian while the north-eastern and central areas showed a basin setting. During the Early Chattian, clastic sediments originating from the Arabian Plate were deposited in the west, southwest, northwest and centre of the basin in response to a sea-level lowstand. The two very thin sandstone units occurring in the Late Aquitanian succession across the west of the Bibi Hakimeh oilfield are the only sandstone layers related to a sea-level lowstand throughout E/SE of the Dezful Embayment. During the Chattian the sediments in the eastern parts of the Dezful Embayment were deposited in a proximal inner ramp setting, and corals and coralline red algae (mainly Lithophyllum sp. and Lithothamnion sp.) dominated the carbonate platform in the east, while imperforate benthic foraminifera (e.g. Peneroplis sp., Archaias sp.) and rare perforate benthic foraminifera (e.g. Neorotalia sp., and Amphistegina sp.) were the most frequent sediment contributors in the southeast of the basin (Bibi Hakimeh area). At the same time, sedimentation occurred on a distal inner to mid-ramp settings through the central areas of the Dezful Embayment. A eustatic fall in sea-level and tectonic processes resulted in the isolation of the basin. During the Aquitanian two exposure horizons formed in the western and central Dezful Embayment basin while the eastern part only displays one. During the Burdigalian, sedimentation in the entire Dezful Embayment occurred within an innermost, very shallow ramp setting. The current study shows that sea-level fluctuations and sometimes combined with regional tectonic processes controlled the variability in platform geometry and paleofacies distribution of the Oligo-Miocene sediments across the basin.


, Asmari Formation, Oligo-Miocene, paleo-facies, depositional sequences, Dezful Embayment, Bibi Hakimeh oilfield.
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author = {Noorian, Yaser and Moussavi Harami, Sayyed Reza and John J.G. Reijmerb and Mahboubi, Asadollah and Ali Kadkhodaie and Armin Omidpour},
title = {Paleo-facies distribution and sequence stratigraphic architecture of the Oligo-Miocene Asmari carbonate platform (southeast Dezful Embayment, Zagros Basin, SW Iran)},
journal = {Marine and Petroleum Geology},
year = {2021},
volume = {128},
month = {June},
issn = {0264-8172},
pages = {105016--105042},
numpages = {26},
keywords = {Asmari Formation; Oligo-Miocene; paleo-facies; depositional sequences; Dezful Embayment; Bibi Hakimeh oilfield.},


%0 Journal Article
%T Paleo-facies distribution and sequence stratigraphic architecture of the Oligo-Miocene Asmari carbonate platform (southeast Dezful Embayment, Zagros Basin, SW Iran)
%A Noorian, Yaser
%A Moussavi Harami, Sayyed Reza
%A John J.G. Reijmerb
%A Mahboubi, Asadollah
%A Ali Kadkhodaie
%A Armin Omidpour
%J Marine and Petroleum Geology
%@ 0264-8172
%D 2021