Journal of Vegetation Science, Volume (32), No (4), Year (2021-8)

Title : ( Benchmarking plant diversity of Palaearctic grasslands and other open habitats )

Authors: Idoia Biurrun , Remigiusz Pielech , Iwona Dembicz , Francois Gillet , Lukasz Kozub , Farshid Memariani , Hamid Ejtehadi , Mohammad Farzam , soroor rahmanian ,

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Aims: Understanding fine-grain diversity patterns across large spatial extents is fundamental for macroecological research and biodiversity conservation. Using the GrassPlot database, we provide benchmarks of fine-grain richness values of Palaearctic open habitats for vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and complete vegetation (i.e., the sum of the former three groups). Location: Palaearctic biogeographic realm. Methods: We used 126,524 plots of eight standard grain sizes from the GrassPlot database: 0.0001 m2, 0.001 m2, 0.01 m2, 0.1 m2, 1 m2, 10 m2, 100 m2 and 1000 m2 and calculated the mean richness and standard deviations, as well as maximum, minimum, median, and first and third quartiles for each combination of grain size, taxonomic group, biome, region, vegetation type and phytosociological class. Results: Patterns of plant diversity in vegetation types and biomes differ across grain sizes and taxonomic groups. Overall, secondary (mostly semi-natural) grasslands and natural grasslands are the richest vegetation type. The open-access file ”GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks” and the web tool “GrassPlot Diversity Explorer” are now available online ( and provide more insights into species richness patterns in the Palaearctic open habitats. Conclusions: The GrassPlot Diversity Benchmarks provide high-quality data on species richness in open habitat types across the Palaearctic. These benchmark data can be used in vegetation ecology, macroecology, , biodiversity conservation and data quality checking. While the amount of data in the underlying GrassPlot database and their spatial coverage are smaller than in other extensive vegetation-plot databases, species recordings in GrassPlot are on average more complete, making it a valuable complementary data source in macroecology.


, benchmark, bryophyte, fine-grain biodiversity, grassland, GrassPlot Diversity Explorer, lichen, open habitat, Palaearctic, scale dependence, species-area relationship, vascular plant, vegetation plot
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author = {Idoia Biurrun and Remigiusz Pielech and Iwona Dembicz and Francois Gillet and Lukasz Kozub and Memariani, Farshid and Ejtehadi, Hamid and Farzam, Mohammad and Rahmanian, Soroor},
title = {Benchmarking plant diversity of Palaearctic grasslands and other open habitats},
journal = {Journal of Vegetation Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {32},
number = {4},
month = {August},
issn = {1100-9233},
keywords = {benchmark; bryophyte; fine-grain biodiversity; grassland; GrassPlot Diversity Explorer; lichen; open habitat; Palaearctic; scale dependence; species-area relationship; vascular plant; vegetation plot},


%0 Journal Article
%T Benchmarking plant diversity of Palaearctic grasslands and other open habitats
%A Idoia Biurrun
%A Remigiusz Pielech
%A Iwona Dembicz
%A Francois Gillet
%A Lukasz Kozub
%A Memariani, Farshid
%A Ejtehadi, Hamid
%A Farzam, Mohammad
%A Rahmanian, Soroor
%J Journal of Vegetation Science
%@ 1100-9233
%D 2021