Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research, ( ISI ), Volume (23), No (2), Year (2022-2) , Pages (104-110)

Title : ( Clonal relatedness and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella serovars isolated from humans and domestic animals in Iran: a one health perspective )

Authors: M. A. Keshmiri , Ali Nemati , Mahdi Askari Badouei , I. Ashrafi Tamai , T. Zahraei Salehi ,

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Abstract

Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research, Shiraz University IJVR, 2022, Vol. 23, No. 2, Ser. No. 79, Pages 104-110 104 Original Article Clonal relatedness and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella serovars isolated from humans and domestic animals in Iran: a one health perspective Keshmiri, M. A.1**; Nemati, A.2**; Askari Badouei, M.3*; Ashrafi Tamai, I.4 and Zahraei Salehi, T.4 1Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar, Iran; 2Ph.D. Student in Bacteriology, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran; 3Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran; 4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran *Correspondence: M. Askari Badouei, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. E-mail: askari.m@um.ac.ir ** These authors contributed equally in this study and should be considered as the first author 10.22099/IJVR.2022.40594.5881 (Received 8 May 2021; revised version 5 Jan 2022; accepted 6 Feb 2022) Abstract Background: Salmonellosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases in humans and animals worldwide. Aims: The main objective of this study was to report serovars, clonal relatedness, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella strains isolated from human, different animal hosts including pigeons, broilers, cattle, camel, parrots, and hamsters in different regions of Iran. Methods: Twenty-four Salmonella isolates were confirmed at the genus level by biochemical tests and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by showing the presence of invA gene. Serovars were determined and their clonal relatedness was assessed by RAPD-PCR and antibiotic resistance profiles. Results: Overall, Salmonella Typhimurium was the most prevalent serovar (45.8%, 11/24), which was recovered from humans, pigeons, and camels. Salmonella Enteritidis (29.2%, 7/24) was the second common serovar that was recovered from cattle, broilers, humans, and hamsters. Salmonella Infantis (12.5%, 3/24) belonged only to broiler sources, and Salmonella Seftenberg (12.5%, 3/24) was isolated from eggs and a parrot. The major RAPD pattern was VI (33.3%) in which the two S. Typhimurium isolates (belonged to humans and pigeons) exhibited similarity in both RAPD pattern and resistance profile. Antimicrobial susceptibility test showed full resistance to tylosin and erythromycin (100%, 24/24). All isolates (100%, 24/24) were susceptible to ceftriaxone, cefixime, and gentamicin. In total, 75% of the isolates were multi-drug resistant (MDR) and revealed 15 different antimicrobial resistance profiles (R-type). Conclusion: This study supports the potential transmission of Salmonella serovars via animal contacts. Thus, it is necessary to establish a national systematic monitoring program with one health approach for controlling Salmonella infections.

Keywords

, Antimicrobial resistance, Iran, Molecular typing, One health, Salmonella
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@article{paperid:1090884,
author = {M. A. Keshmiri and Nemati, Ali and Askari Badouei, Mahdi and I. Ashrafi Tamai and T. Zahraei Salehi},
title = {Clonal relatedness and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella serovars isolated from humans and domestic animals in Iran: a one health perspective},
journal = {Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research},
year = {2022},
volume = {23},
number = {2},
month = {February},
issn = {1728-1997},
pages = {104--110},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Antimicrobial resistance; Iran; Molecular typing; One health; Salmonella},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Clonal relatedness and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella serovars isolated from humans and domestic animals in Iran: a one health perspective
%A M. A. Keshmiri
%A Nemati, Ali
%A Askari Badouei, Mahdi
%A I. Ashrafi Tamai
%A T. Zahraei Salehi
%J Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
%@ 1728-1997
%D 2022

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